Methods and Concepts of Epidemiology

  • Rafael MikolajczykEmail author
Part of the Statistics for Biology and Health book series (SBH)


The purpose of this chapter is to review the basic concepts of epidemiology, including definitions of measures of disease occurrence and measures of association, brief descriptions of study designs and ethical principles of epidemiological research. Additionally, the theory and criteria of causation, systematic and random errors in epidemiological studies and methodological issues related to diagnostic tests are discussed. The concepts are outlined and some examples are given.


Population Attributable Risk Intravenous Drug User Congenital Syphilis Probabilistic Causation Dynamic Transmission Model 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Public Health Medicine, School of Public HealthUniversity of BielefeldBielefeldGermany

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