Discography and Endoscopic Lumbar Discectomy

  • Michael A. ChangEmail author
  • Christopher A. Yeung
  • Anthony T. Yeung
  • Choll W. Kim

One of the most common treatments for lumbar radiculopathy is discectomy. Since 1938, open discectomy has been used to relieve pain caused by herniated discs. The success rate for this operation has been satisfactory, but complications may occur, including bleeding, prolonged pain, and scar formation. Furthermore, the soft tissue dissection and bony resection required to gain access to the disc herniation may lead to segmental instability.


Disc Herniation Epidural Space Lumbar Disc Herniation Total Disc Replacement Isthmic Spondylolisthesis 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael A. Chang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Christopher A. Yeung
    • 2
    • 3
  • Anthony T. Yeung
    • 2
  • Choll W. Kim
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Orthopedic SurgeryWichita ClinicWichitaUSA
  2. 2.Desert Institute for Spine CarePhoenixUSA
  3. 3.Volunteer Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryUniversity of California-San Diego School of MedicineSan DiegoUSA
  4. 4.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryUniversity of California-San DiegoSan DiegoUSA

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