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The Development of Anger

Abstract

This chapter describes the development of anger. To do so I need to distinguish between anger and other emotions and behaviors that are often confused with it. Having done so, I will argue that anger is an approach emotion. Unlike sadness or fear and more like happiness, its function is to move the infant into active engagement in its world in order to overcome obstacles to desired goals. Anger, as an approach action pattern, exists early and can be seen within the first few months of life.

Keywords

  • Heart Rate Variability
  • Behavioral Inhibition
  • Cortisol Response
  • Anger Expression
  • Cortisol Release

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    The term aggression is often used, but aggression may or may not be accompanied by anger or rage. Aggression makes reference to action toward another or others, whereas anger and rage speak to emotions as located within the individual.

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Lewis, M. (2010). The Development of Anger. In: Potegal, M., Stemmler, G., Spielberger, C. (eds) International Handbook of Anger. Springer, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-89676-2_11

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