Metabolic, Biogenetic, Seizure, and Neuromotor Disorders of Childhood

  • Margaret Semrud-Clikeman
  • Phyllis Anne Teeter Ellison

Abstract

Various metabolic, biogenetic/chromosomal, seizure and neuromotor disorders (e.g., cerebral palsy) are the focus of this chapter. These neurological disorders frequently result in accompanying neuropsychological, social/emotional, and behavioral difficulties that place stress on the child, family, and school. As with other neurological and neurodevelopmental disorders, the pediatric neuropsychologist needs to be particularly sensitive to these stressors when assessing and planning intervention programs. Study of these variables is just beginning, but clinical practice indicates that children with these various disorders require support in all environments: home, school, and social. A transactional approach to the deficits experienced by children with these disorders would be most ecologically valid while also providing information for the most appropriate interventions. A number of select metabolic, biogenetic, seizure, and neuromotor disorders will be discussed in this chapter, with attention not only to the neuropsychological assessment of deficits, but also to the contributions of the family and school for remediating these difficulties. Research on intervention outcome is sparse and is sorely needed. For each of these disorders, a review of the literature indicates that more knowledge is needed, not only concerning the neuropsychology of the disorder, but also in planning for these children throughout the life span. The demarcation of biogenetic, neurocutaneous, and metabolic disorders is one of convenience and does not imply that a biogenetic basis underlies all of these conditions. The demarcations are used only for ease of discussion.

Keywords

Cerebral Palsy Down Syndrome Tuberous Sclerosis Partial Seizure Seizure Frequency 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Margaret Semrud-Clikeman
    • 1
  • Phyllis Anne Teeter Ellison
    • 2
  1. 1.Michigan State UniversityLansingUSA
  2. 2.Department of Educational PsychologyUniversity of WisconsinMilwaukeeUSA

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