The Gibbons pp 161-188 | Cite as

Competition and Niche Overlap Between Gibbons (Hylobates albibarbis) and Other Frugivorous Vertebrates in Gunung Palung National Park, West Kalimantan, Indonesia

  • Andrew J. Marshall
  • Charles H. Cannon
  • Mark Leighton
Part of the Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects book series (DIPR)


Interspecific competition is considered to be one of the fundamental forces driving a wide range of evolutionary and ecological processes, but its importance in limiting mammalian populations has been hotly debated (Hairston et al. 1960; Fleming 1979; Schoener 1982; Walter and Paterson 1995). Early ecologists held the view that competition between species was of overriding importance in shaping vertebrate communities (e.g., Grant 1972; MacArthur 1972; Cody 1975; Diamond 1978). Others argued that interspecific competition was sporadic, and that its effects may be relatively unimportant compared to other ecological forces, such as climate or predation (e.g., Connell 1975; Wiens 1977; den Boer 1986; Post and Forschhamer 2002), and non-equilibrial and stochastic factors (e.g. Sæther 1997; Hubbell 2001). Despite continued uncertainty over the precise nature of interspecific competition (Schoener 1982; Eccard and Ylönen 2003; Cooper 2004), few ecologists would deny that...


Forest Type Interspecific Competition Fruit Availability High Food Availability Leaf Monkey 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We thank the editors for inviting us to contribute to this volume. Permission to conduct research at Gunung Palung National Park was kindly granted by the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI), the Directorate General for Nature Conservation (PHKA), and the Gunung Palung National Park Bureau (BTNGP). AJM gratefully acknowledges the support of the J. William Fulbright Foundation, the Louis Leakey Foundation, a Frederick Sheldon Traveling Fellowship, and the Department of Anthropology at Harvard University for funding fieldwork, and the Cora Du Bois Charitable Trust, the Department of Anthropology at Harvard University, and an Elliot Dissertation Completion Fellowship for financial support while writing his dissertation. AJM also gratefully acknowledges the Arnold Arboretum at Harvard University and Conservation International for postdoctoral support. In addition, AJM thanks T. Blondal, R. McClellan, N. Paliama, J. Whittle, and C. Yeager for friendship and logistical support throughout the course of his fieldwork in Indonesia. ML acknowledges the support of the National Science Foundation and Harvard University. We appreciate the assistance and support of the many students, researchers, and field assistants who worked at Cabang Panti Research Station over the past three decades.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrew J. Marshall
    • 1
  • Charles H. Cannon
    • 2
  • Mark Leighton
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of CaliforniaDavisUSA
  2. 2.Department of Biological SciencesTexas Tech UniversityLubbockUSA
  3. 3.Great Ape World Heritage Species Project, Inc.c/o Carr Foundation, Suite 400CambridgeUSA

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