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Bronchopleural Fistula

Abstract

>A bronchopleural fistula (BPF) is a persistent pathological ­communication between the central airways and the pleural cavity (excluding small peripheral air leaks for the purposes of this discussion). The incidence varies from 4.5 to 20% following pneumonectomy or 0.5% following lobectomy with a high mortality of between 18 and 50% (1).

Keywords

  • Bronchopleural fistula
  • Subcutaneous emphysema
  • Chest drain
  • Stump dehiscence
  • Flexible bronchoscopy
  • Lung isolation
  • Ventilation
  • Clagett procedure
  • Open drainage procedures
  • High-frequency jet ventilation

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Figure 31-1
Figure 31.2

Selected References

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Ng, JM. (2012). Bronchopleural Fistula. In: Hartigan, P. (eds) Practical Handbook of Thoracic Anesthesia. Springer, Boston, MA. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-88493-6_31

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-88493-6_31

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