• Philip M. Hartigan


Mediastinoscopyinvolves the surgical insertion of a scope into the mediastinum to examine or biopsy tissue. It is principally ­performed to sample lymph nodes for diagnosis or staging of lung cancers.


Intraoperative hemorrhage A-Med C-Med Mediastinum Mediastinoscopy Cervical mediastinoscopy Anterior mediastinoscopy 

Selected References

  1. 1.
    Bocage J-P, Mackenzie J, Nosher J. Invasive diagnostic procedures. Chapter 17. In: Shields TW, LoCicero J, Ponn RB, editors. General thoracic surgery. 5th ed. Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins; 2006. p. 273–84.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lohser J, Donington J, Mitchell JD, et al. Anesthetic management of major hemorrhage during mediastinoscopy. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2005;19(5):678–83.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Further Suggested Reading

  1. Plummer S, Hartley M, Vaughan RS. Anaesthesia for telescopic procedures of the thorax. Br J Anaesth. 1998;80:223–34.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Park B. Management of major hemorrhage during mediastinoscopy. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2003;726:31–5.Google Scholar
  3. Foster ED, Munro DD, Dobell ARC. Mediastinoscopy: a review of anatomical ­relationships and complications. Ann Thorac Surg. 1972;13:273–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Vaughn RS. Anaesthesia for mediastinoscopy. Anaesthesia. 1978;33:195–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philip M. Hartigan
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Thoracic Anaesthesia Department of AnaesthesiologyPerioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women’s HospitalBostonUSA

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