Multidisciplinary Approach to Pain Management

  • Debebe Fikremariam
  • Mario Serafini


In 1996 the International Association for the Study of Pain defined pain as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual and potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage.” An estimated 50 million Americans live with chronic pain caused by disease, disorder, or accident. An additional 25 million are treated for acute pain related to surgery or accidental injury (National Pain Survey 1999). Approximately two-thirds of these patients have been living with pain in excess of 5 years. The loss of productivity and the quality of life due to pain is substantial (Chronic Pain America 1999). Million and even billions of dollars are lost from habitual health care utilization and disability compensation. In a study done in 2000 (Merck 2000), it was reported that 36 million Americans missed work in the previous year due to pain and 83 million indicated that the pain affected their participation in various activities.


Chronic Pain Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Pain Behavior Chronic Pain Patient Opioid Medication 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Debebe Fikremariam
    • 1
  • Mario Serafini
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiologyWest Virginia University School of MedicineMorgantownUSA
  2. 2.Department of AnesthesiologyUniversity of VermontBurlingtonUSA

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