Management of Phantom Limb Pain

  • Kate MacIver
  • Donna Lloyd


This chapter provides a comprehensive overview of the management of chronic phantom limb pain (PLP) as it relates to the patient in the prosthesis clinic. The chapter begins with phantom pain assessment. Pharmacological therapies commonly used in the treatment of PLP will be discussed, with a review of the literature relating to success or otherwise of these medications. The side-effects of the drugs are highlighted, and the necessary advice to be given to patients is provided. What follows is a review of non-pharmacological therapies, beginning with Neuromodulation (TENS, spinal cord and deep brain stimulation). Psychological aspects of treatment are identified – how to recognise psychological distress; how to know when to refer on for psychological treatment and useful psychological interventions. The chapter concludes with suggestions for the holistic management of patients suffering from PLP. The role of mental imagery is highlighted.


Neuropathic Pain Deep Brain Stimulation Motor Imagery Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Spinal Cord Stimulation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pain Research Institute in LiverpoolLiverpoolUK

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