To Forge a Galaxy

  • William Sheehan
  • Christopher J. Conselice


As noted in previous chapters, the discovery of the universe of galaxies was accomplished through slow but steady progress. However, since 1945 the pace of change in understanding galaxies has increased at a rapid rate. In the earlier days, as we have been discussing so far, certain individuals— for example, Messier, the Herschels, Rosse, Huggins, Barnard, Shapley, Hubble—made towering contributions, and therefore command the attention of the chronicler of the nebulae.


Star Formation Local Group Globular Cluster Spiral Galaxy Hubble Space Telescope 
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  1. 1.
    J.H. Oort, quoted in Giuseppe Bertin, Dynamics of Galaxies (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002), 26.Google Scholar
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    For an excellent text on dust, at a high technical level, see: D.C.B. Whittet, Dust in the Galactic Environment. Bristol and Philadelphia: Institute of Physics Publishing, 2nd ed., 2003.Google Scholar
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    D.L.Block and R.J. Wainscoat, “Morphological differences between optical and infrared images of the spiral galaxy NGC 309,” Nature, 353 (Sept. 5, 1991), 48-50.Google Scholar
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    Theodore Andrea Cook, The Curves of Life (London: Constable and Co., 1914), viii.Google Scholar
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    Curtis Struck, Galaxy Collisions: forging new worlds from cosmic crashes (New York: Springer, 2011), 9.Google Scholar
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    A classic paper on the subject is: A. and J. Toomre, “Galactic bridges and tails,” Astrophysical Journal, 178 (1972), 623-666.Google Scholar
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    Shapley, Galaxies, 172-173.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • William Sheehan
    • 1
  • Christopher J. Conselice
    • 2
  1. 1.WillmarUSA
  2. 2.School of Physics and Astronomy University of NottinghamNottinghamUK

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