Ruptures of the Medial Gastrocnemius Muscle (“Tennis Leg”)
In 1883, Powell1 first reported in The Lancet on the “lawn tennis leg” (rupture of the medial head of the gastrocnemius). He described a 41-year-old healthy man who had sudden, sharp pain when reaching for the ball while playing tennis. Pain, tenderness, and swelling rapidly developed, but the patient was able to return to sports in 4 weeks. In 1958, Arner and Lindholm2 surgically explored five of 20 patients with tennis leg. In each case, a transverse rupture of the medial gastrocnemius at the musculotendinous junction was found.
Ruptures of the medial head of the gastrocnemius muscle have been documented in patients ranging from adolescents to the elderly. The incidence is greatest in the middle-aged, as reported by Millar,3 who reported a mean age of 42 years for men and 46 for women, which suggests a degenerative process analogous to a rupture of the long head of the biceps, the rotator cuff of the shoulder, the Achilles tendon, or the attachment of the rectus femoris.4Ruptures...
KeywordsCompartment Syndrome Gastrocnemius Muscle Medial Gastrocnemius Posterior Compartment Ankle Dorsiflexion
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