Comparing Entrepreneurial Climates of Germany and India: More Similarities than Differences?

Part of the International Studies in Entrepreneurship book series (ISEN, volume 19)

8.1 Introduction

In this descriptive empirical study, we attempt a detailed comparison of the entrepreneurial climates of Germany and India. An analysis of the well known Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) expert questionnaire dataset enables us to identify similarities and differences in the entrepreneurial climates of Germany and India.

Even though empirical as well as theoretical studies continuously debate the nature of entrepreneurship, there is convergence of opinion on its positive role in reducing unemployment and improving economic growth (Carlsson 1992, Carree et al. 2002, Acs and Audretsch 1989a, Audretsch et al. 2002, Audretsch et al. 2006). Empirical results suggest that there are two sets of factors, one at the individual level (Evans and Leighton 1989b) and the other at the regional level (Georgellis and Wall 2000), that determine entrepreneurial activity.

We define the set of regional factors that influence entrepreneurial activity as the entrepreneurial climate of...


Entrepreneurial Activity Entrepreneurial Orientation Entrepreneurial Intention Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Entrepreneurship Education 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Max Planck Institute of EconomicsJenaGermany

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