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Extraterrestrial Organic Matter and the Detection of Life

  • Mark A. SephtonEmail author
  • Oliver Botta
Chapter
Part of the Space Sciences Series of ISSI book series (SSSI, volume 25)

Abstract

A fundamental goal of a number of forthcoming space missions is the detection and characterization of organic matter on planetary surfaces. Successful interpretation of data generated by in situ experiments will require discrimination between abiogenic and biogenic organic compounds. Carbon-rich meteorites provide scientists with examples of authentic extraterrestrial organic matter generated in the absence of life. Outcomes of meteorite studies include clues to protocols that will enable the unequivocal identification of organic matter derived from life. In this chapter we summarize the diagnostic abiogenic features of key compound classes involved in life detection and discuss their implications for analytical instruments destined to fly on future spacecraft missions.

Keywords

Astrobiology Solar system Meteorites Organic Abiotic Mars Urey SAM 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, BV 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Impacts and Astromaterials Research Centre, Earth Science and EngineeringImperial College LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.International Space Science InstituteBernSwitzerland

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