Preoperative Staging for Esophageal Carcinoma
Squamous carcinoma of the esophagus must be accurately staged before treatment. Although multimodality therapy is the current standard of care, the timing of surgery with respect to chemotherapy and radiation depends critically on the stage of disease. Staging modalities include laparoscopy, thoracoscopy, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography (PET), and endoscopic ultrasound. In this chapter, several experts discuss their preferred staging algorithms.
KeywordsPositron Emission Tomography Esophageal Cancer Esophageal Carcinoma Gastric Cardia Laparoscopic Staging
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