Racquet Sports: Tennis, Badminton, Squash, Racquetball, and Handball

  • Richard T. Bouché


Racquet sports make up an eclectic group of court activities that can be quite diverse. In this chapter we focus on the following racquet sports: tennis, badminton, squash, racquetball, and handball. Though it is beyond the scope of this chapter, it is paramount that readers become acquainted with certain background information on each of these individual sports including developmental history, rules and strategies, and necessary equipment. This information gives the reader “credibility” in dealing with racquet sport athletes and also provides a solid foundation for further study.


Court shoes Racquet sports Biomechanics of racquet Sports Injuries in racquet sports Orthoses in racquet sports 


  1. 1.
    Miller S: Modern tennis rackets, balls, and surfaces. Br J Sports Med, 40:401–405, 2006.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rheinstein DJ, Morehouse CA, Niebel BW: Effects on traction of outsole composition and hardesses of basketball shoes and three types of playing surfaces. Med Sci Sports, 10:282–288, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Chapman AE, Leyland AJ, Ross SM, et al.: Effect of floor conditions upon frictional characteristics of squash court shoes. J Sports Sci, 9:33–41, 1991.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Reinschmidt C, Nigg BM: Current issues in the design of running and court shoes. Sportverl Sportschad, 14:71–81, 2000.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Nigg BM, Luthi SM, Bahlsen HA: The tennis shoe- biomechanical design criteria. in, Segesser B, Pforringer W, (eds.), The shoe in sport, pp. 39–46. Chicago,IL: Year Book Medical Publishers, Inc, 1987.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Valiant GA, Cavanagh PR: A study of landing from a jump: implications for the design of a basketball shoe. in, Winter DA, (ed.). Biomechanics IX, pp. 117–122. Champaign, IL, Human Kinetic Publishers, 1983Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cavanagh PR, LaFortune MA: Ground reaction forces in distance running. J Biomech, 13:397–406, 1980.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Stacoff A, Steger J, Stussi E, et al.: Lateral stability in sideward cutting movements. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 28:350–358, 1996.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Pluim BM, Staal JB, Windler GE, et al.: Tennis injuries: occurrence, aetiology, and prevention. Br J Sports Med, 40:415–423, 2006.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Feit EM, Berenter R: Lower extremity tennis injuries. Prevalence, etiology, and mechanism. J Am Pod Med Assoc, 83:509–514, 1993.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Bylak J, Hutchinson MR: Common injuries in young tennis players. Sports Med, 26:119–132, 1998.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Maquirrianin J, Ghisi JP: The incidence and distribution of stress fractures in elite tennis players. Br J Sports Med 40:454–459, 2006.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Jorgensen U, Winge S: Epidemiology of badminton injuries. Int J Sports Med 8:379–382, 1987.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Jorgensen U, Winge S: Injuries in badminton. Sports Med, 10:59–64, 1990.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kroner K, Schmidt SA, Nielsen AB, et al.: Badminton injuries. Br J Sports Med, 24: 169–172, 1990.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Hoy K, Lindblad BE, Terkelsen CJ, et al.: Badminton injuries—a prospective epidemiological and socioeconomic study. Br J Sports Med, 28:276–279, 1994.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Fahlstorm M, Bjornstig U, Lorenstzon R: Acute badminton injuries. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 6: 145–148, 1998.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Berson BL, Rlonick AM, Tamos CG, et al.: An epidemiologic study of squash injuries. Am J Sports Med, 9:103–106, 1981.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Chard MD, Lachmann SM: Racquet sports—patterns of injury presenting to a sports injury clinic. Br J Sports Med, 21:150–153, 1987.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kippen C (last updated 12/2004): Sneakers and Trainers. Retrieved June 9, 2007, from History of Sports Shoes. Web site: http://podiatry.curtin, Scholar
  21. 21.
    SneakerHead (2001–2007): Retrieved June 9, 2007, from The Sneaker: A History- The History of Sneakers I (1800–1950). Web site:
  22. 22.
    Li KW, Wu HH, Lin YC: The effect of shoe sole tread groove depth on the friction coefficient with different tread groove widths, floors and contaminants. Appl Ergonomics 37:743–748, 2006.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Stefanyshyn DJ, Nigg BM: Energy aspects associated with sport shoes. Sportverl Sportschad. 14:82–89, 2000.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Roy JPR, Stefanyshyn DJ: Shoe midsole longitudinal bending stiffness and running economy, joint energy, and EMG. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 38:562–569, 2006.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Miller JE, Nigg BM, Liu W, et al.: Influence of foot, leg and shoe characteristics on subjective discomfort. Foot Ankle Int, 21:759–767, 2000.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Llana S, Brizuela G, Dura JV, et al.: A study of the discomfort associated with tennis shoes. J Sports Sci, 20:671–679, 2002.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Rossi WA, Tennant R: Advanced principles of shoe fitting. in, Professional Shoe Fitting. New York, National Shoe Retailers Association, 1984.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Nigg BM: The role of impact forces and foot pronation: a new paradigm. Clin J Sports Med, 11:2–9, 2001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard T. Bouché
    • 1
  1. 1.Private PracticeThe Sports Medicine ClinicSeattleUSA

Personalised recommendations