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The discovery of the Jupiter ring system

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Abstract

Everyone knew that only Saturn (and, more recently, Uranus) had rings. Even models used to predict long-term stability of planetary rings indicated that the Jovian system could not maintain one [1]. Nonetheless, Tobias Owen, a co-investigator on the Voyager Imaging Science Subsystem (ISS) Team, thought that a planet the size of Jupiter must have debris around it [2]. He postulated that Jupiter might have material about it in the equivalent region of Saturn’s B ring. Although most investigators thought that Jupiter did not have such material, Brad Smith, the ISS Principal Investigator, had his own reason to support such an observation. In retrospect, Dr. Smith stated that a search for a Jovian ring was not made “with any great expectation of a positive result but more for the purpose of providing a degree of completeness to Voyager’s survey of the entire Jupiter system” [3].

Keywords

  • Main Ring
  • Mission System
  • Ring Particle
  • Galileo Spacecraft
  • Halo Ring

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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4.5 Notes and References

  1. Morrison, D., Samz, J., Voyage to Jupiter, NASA SP-439, 1980, p. 84.

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  2. Personal communication with Tobias Owen.

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  3. Elliot, J., Kerr, R., 1984, Rings—Discoveries from Galileo to Voyager, The Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, 1984, p. 100.

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  4. Ibid.

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  5. Personnel communication with Candice Hansen-Koharcheck.

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  6. Morrison, D., Samz, J., (1980) Voyage to Jupiter, NASA SP-439, p 85.

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  7. Ibid., p. 63.

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  8. Ibid., p. 85.

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  9. Personnel communication with Charles C. Avis.

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  10. Caption found at http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA02251

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  11. Flight Science Office Science and Mission Systems Handbook—Voyager Uranus/Interstellar Mission, Voyager Document PD 618-128 (JPL D-498), Revision C, dated 1985 July 1, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, p. 2.3.

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  12. Morrison, D., Samz, J., 1980, Voyage to Jupiter, NASA SP-439, p. 86.

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  13. Elliot, J., Kerr, R., 1984, Rings—Discoveries from Galileo to Voyager, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, p. 104.

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  14. Morrison, D., Samz, J., 1980, Voyage to Jupiter, NASA SP-439, p. 93.

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  15. Ibid., p. 136.

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  16. Ibid.

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  17. Flight Science Office Science and Mission Systems Handbook—Voyager Uranus/Interstellar Mission, Voyager Document PD 618-128 (JPL D-498), Revision C, dated 1985 July 1, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, p. 2.3.

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  18. Showalter, M. R., Burns, J. A., Cuzzi, J. N., Pollack, J. B., 1985, “Discovery of Jupiter’s ‘gossamer’ ring”, Nature 316, 526–528.

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  19. Personal communication with Brian Paczkowski.

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  20. Galileo Project Final Report, Galileo Document JPL D-28516, Volume 1, 21 September 2003, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, p. 115.

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  21. Ibid., p. 153.

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  22. Ibid., p. 174.

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  23. Caption found at http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA03001

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  24. A brief description of the Jupiter ring system can be found at URL http://solarsystem.na-sa.gov/planets/profile.cfm?Object = Jupiter&Display = Rings

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  25. Caption found at http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA01628

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  26. Ibid.

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  27. Cornell News, Galileo finds Jupiter’s rings formed by dust blasted off small moons, http://www.news.cornell.edu/releases/sept98/jupiter_rings.html

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  28. Galileo Project Final Report, Galileo Document JPL D-28516, Volume 1, 21 September 2003, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, Appendix A-5.

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  29. Ibid.

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  30. Ibid., p. 203.

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4.6 Bibliography

  • Elliot, J., Kerr, R., 1984, Rings—Discoveries from Galileo to Voyager, The Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, 1984.

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  • Guiliano, J. A. (compiled), 1978, Voyager 1 and 2—Jupiter Science Link Dictionary Index, JPL Document 618–805.

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  • Morrison, D., Samz, J., 1980, Voyage to Jupiter, NASA SP-439.

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© 2007 Praxis Publishing Ltd, Chichester, UK

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(2007). The discovery of the Jupiter ring system. In: Planetary Ring Systems. Springer Praxis Books. Praxis. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-73981-6_4

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