Achimore, A. (1993) “Putting the Community Back into Community Retail,” Urban Land 52(8), pp. 33–38.
Archer, R.W. (1973) “Land Speculation and Scattered Development: Failures in the Urban-Fringe Market,” Urban Studies 10, pp. 367–372.
Audirac, I. and M. Zifou (1989) “Urban Development Issues: What is Controversial in Urban Sprawl? An Annotated Bibliography of Often-Overlooked Sources,” Council of Planning Librarians Bibliography No. 247. Chicago, III.
Audirac, I., A.H. Shoemyen and M.T. Smith (1989) “Consumer Preference and the Compact Development Debate,” paper presented at the National Planning Conference of the American Planning Association, Atlanta, Ga., Apr. 29-May 3, 1989.
Bahl, R.W. (1968) “A Land Speculation Model: The Role of the Property Tax as a Constraint to Urban Sprawl,” Journal of Regional Science 8(2), pp. 199–208.
Baltimore Regional Council of Governments (1992) Impact of Land Use Alternatives on Transportation Demand. Baltimore, Md.
Barton-Aschman Associates, Inc. (1975) Comparative Evaluation of New Community Growth versus Trend Development Growth. Charles County, Md.
Bellomo, S.J., R.B. Dial and A.M. Voorhees (1970) “Factors, Trends, and Guidelines Related to Trip Length,” National Cooperative Highway Research Program Report 89. Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C.
Berg, M. and E.A. Medrich (1980) “Children in Four Neighborhoods: The Physical Environment and Its Effect on Play and Play Patterns,” Environment and Behavior 12(3), pp. 320–348.
Berry, D. and T. Plaut (1978) “Retaining Agricultural Activities under Urban Pressures: A Review of Land Use Conflicts and Policies,” Policy Sciences 9, pp. 153–178.
Binkley, C. et al. (1975) Interceptor Sewers and Urban Sprawl. Lexington Books, Lexington, Mass.
Boal, F.W. and D.B. Johnson (1968) “Nondescript Streets,” Traffic Quarterly 22(3), pp. 329–344.
Bookout, L.W. (1992) “Neotraditional Town Planning: The Test of the Marketplace,” Urban Land 51(6), pp. 12–17.
Boyce, R.R. (1963) “Myth versus Reality in Urban Planning,” Land Economics 39(3), pp. 241–251.
Breslaw, J.A. (1990) “Density and Urban Sprawl: Comment,” Land Economics 66(4), pp. 464–468.
Brueckner, J.K. and D.A. Fansler (1983) “The Economics of Urban Sprawl: Theory and Evidence on the Spatial Size of Cities,” Review of Economics and Statistics 65(3), pp. 479–482.
Burns, L.D. and T.F. Golob (1976) “The Role of Accessibility in Basic Transportation Choice Behavior,” Transportation 5, pp. 175–198.
Cameron, M. (1991) Transportation Efficiency: Tackling Southern California’s Air Pollution and Congestion. Environmental Defense Fund, Oakland, Cal.
Carp, F.M. (1980) “Environmental Effects Upon the Mobility of Older People,” Environment and Behavior 12(2), pp. 139–156.
Carp, F.M. (1988) “Significance of Mobility for the Well-Being of the Elderly,” Transportation Research Board Special Report 218, pp. 1–20.
Center for Urban Policy Research (1992) Impact Assessment of the New Jersey Interim State Development Plan—Executive Summary. New Jersey Office of State Planning, Trenton, N.J.
Cervero, R. (1988) “Land Use Mixing and Suburban Mobility,” Transportation Quarterly 42, pp. 429–446.
Cervero, R. (1989) “Jobs-Housing Balancing and Regional Mobility,” Journal of the American Planning Association 55(2), pp. 136–150.
Cervero, R. (1991a) “Congestion Relief: The Land Use Alternative,” Journal of Planning Education and Research 10, pp. 119–129.
Cervero, R. (1991b) “Land Uses and Travel at Suburban Activity Centers,” Transportation Quarterly 45(4), pp. 479–491.
Clawson, M. (1962) “Urban Sprawl and Speculation in Suburban Land,” Land Economics 38(2), pp. 99–111.
Clawson, M. (1971) Suburban Land Conversion in the United States: An Economic and Governmental Process. The Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore, Md.
Correll, M.R., J.H. Lillydahl and L.D. Singell (1978) “The Effects of Greenbelts on Residential Property Values: Some Findings on the Political Economy of Open Space,” Land Economics 54, pp. 207–217.
Dalvi, M.Q. and K.M. Martin (1976) “The Measurement of Accessibility: Some Preliminary Results,” Transportation 5, pp. 17–42.
Darling, A.H. (1973) “Measuring Benefits Generated by Urban Water Parks,” Land Economics 49, pp. 22–34.
DeCorla-Souza, P. (1991) “Peak Period Tolls: One Cure for Urban Congestion,” ITE 1991 Compendium of Technical Papers. Institute of Transportation Engineers, Washington, D.C.
DeCorla-Souza, P. (1992) “The Impacts of Alternative Urban Development Patterns on Highway System Performance,” issue papers for the 1992 ITE International Conference. Institute of Transportation Engineers, Washington, D.C.
Didato, B. (Jan. 1990), “The Paths Less Traveled—A Wrapup on the Nation’s Greenways,” Planning 56, pp. 6–10.
Downing, P.B. and R.D. Gustely (1977) “The Public Service Costs of Alternative Development Patterns: A Review of the Evidence,” in P.B. Downing (ed.), Local Service Pricing Policies and Their Effect on Urban Spatial Structure. University of British Columbia Press, Vancouver, B.C.
Downs, A. (1992) Stuck in Traffic—Coping with Peak-Hour Traffic Congestion. The Brookings Institution, Washington, D.C., pp. 79–120.
Dunphy, R.T. and K.M. Fisher (1994) “Transportation, Congestion, and Density: New Insights,” paper presented at the 73rd Annual Meeting, Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C.
Ewing, R. (1991) Developing Successful New Communities. Urban Land Institute, Washington, D.C.
Ewing, R. (1994) “Getting Around a Traditional City, a Suburban PUD, and Everything In-Between,” paper presented at the 73rd Annual Meeting, Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C.
Fischel, W.A. (1982) “The Urbanization of Agricultural Land: A Review of the National Agricultural Lands Study,” Land Economics 58(2), pp. 236–259.
Fischel, W.A. (1991) “Good for the Town, Bad for the Nation? A Comment,” Journal of the American Planning Association 57(3), pp. 341–344.
Frank, J.E. (1989) The Costs of Alternative Development Patterns: A Review of the Literature. Urban Land Institute, Washington, D.C.
Frank, L. (1994) “The Impacts of Mixed Use and Density on the Utilization of Three Modes of Travel: The Single Occupant Vehicle, Transit, and Walking,” paper presented at the 73rd Annual Meeting, Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C.
Gardner, B.D. (1977) “The Economics of Agricultural Land Preservation,” American Journal of Agricultural Economics 59 (Dec.), pp. 1026–1036.
Garrison, W.L. et al. (1959) Studies of Highway Development and Geographic Change. University of Washington Press, Seattle, Wash.
Gilbert, G. and J.S. Dajani (1974) “Energy, Urban Form and Transportation Policy,” Transportation Research 8, pp. 267–276.
Giuliano, G. (1989) “Literature Synthesis: Transportation and Urban Form,” report prepared for the Federal Highway Administration under Contract DTFH61-89-P-00531.
Gordon, P. and H.L. Wong (1985) “The Costs of Urban Sprawl—Some New Evidence,” Environment and Planning A 17(5), pp. 661–666.
Gordon, P., A. Kumar and H.W. Richardson (1989) “The Influence of Metropolitan Spatial Structure on Commuting Time,” Journal of Urban Economics 26, pp. 138–151.
Gordon, P., H.W. Richardson, and M.J. Jun (1991) “The Commuting Paradox—Evidence from the Top Twenty,” Journal of the American Planning Association 57(4), pp. 416–420.
Guest, A.M. and C. Cluett (1976) “Analysis of Mass Transit Ridership Using 1970 Census Data,” Traffic Quarterly 30(1), pp. 143–161.
Haines, V. (1986) “Energy and Urban Form: A Human Ecological Critique,” Urban Affairs Quarterly 21(3), pp. 337–353.
Hammer, T.R., R.E. Coughlin and E.T. Horn (1974) “The Effect of a Large Urban Park on Real Estate Value,” Journal of the American Institute of Planners 40, pp. 274–277.
Hansen, W.G. (1959) “How Accessibility Shapes Land Use,” Journal of the American Institute of Planners 25, pp. 73–76.
Hanson, M.E. (1992a) “Automobile Subsidies and Land Use: Estimates and Policy Responses,” Journal of the American Planning Association 58(1), pp. 60–71.
Hanson, M.E. (1992b) Results of a Literature Survey and Summary of Findings: The Nature and Magnitude of Social Costs of Urban Roadway Use. U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C.
Hanson, S. and M. Schwab (1987) “Accessibility and Intraurban Travel,” Environment and Planning A 19, pp. 735–748.
Harvey, G. and E. Deakin (1991) “Toward Improved Regional Transportation Modeling Practice,” paper prepared for the National Association of Regional Councils, Washington, D.C.
Harvey, R.O. and W.A.V. Clark (1965) “The Nature and Economics of Urban Sprawl,” Land Economics 41(1), pp. 1–9.
Hendon, W.S. (1971) “The Park as a Determinant of Property Values,” American Journal of Economics and Sociology 30, pp. 289–296.
Hekkila, E.J. and R.B. Peiser (1992) “Urban Spawl, Density, and Accessibility,” Papers in Regional Science 71(2), pp. 127–138.
Holtzclaw, J. (1991) Explaining Urban Density and Transit Impacts on Auto Use. Sierra Club, San Francisco, Cal.
Howard County Planning Commission (1967) Howard County 1985. Howard County, Md.
Ingram, D.R. (1971) “The Concept of Accessibility: A Search for an Operational Form,” Regional Studies 5(2), pp. 101–107.
Koenig, J.G. (1980) “Indicators of Urban Accessibility: Theory and Application,” Transportation 9, pp. 145–172.
Koenig, J. (1989) “Should We Halt Urban Sprawl?” Florida Trend 31(12), pp. 28–31.
Kulash, W. (1990) “Traditional Neighborhood Development—Will the Traffic Work?” paper presented at the Eleventh Annual Pedestrian Conference, Bellevue, Wash.
Larsen, P. (Spring-Summer 1992) “Open Space That Sells,” Land Development 5, pp. 22–25.
Leake, G.R. and A.S. Huzayyin (1980) “The Impact of Accessibility on Trip Production and Trip Attraction Models,” Engineering and Traffic Control 21(10), pp. 469–471.
Lee, D.B. Jr. (1979) “Land Use Planning as a Response to Market Failure,” in J.I. de Neufville (ed.), The Land Use Policy Debate in the United States. Plenum Press, New York, N.Y.
Lessinger, J. (1962) “The Case for Scatterization,” Journal of the American Institute of Planners 28(3), pp. 159–169.
Levinson, H.S. and F.H. Wynn (1963) “Effects of Density on Urban Transportation Requirements,” Highway Research Record No. 2, pp. 38–64.
Lowry, I.S. (1988) “Planning for Urban Sprawl,” Transportation Research Board Special Report No. 220, pp. 275–312.
MacKenzie, J.J. (1994) “The Going Rate: What It Really Costs to Drive,” paper presented at the 73rd Annual Meeting, Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C.
McKee, D.L. and G.H. Smith (1972) “Environmental Diseconomies in Suburban Expansion,” American Journal of Economics and Sociology 31(2), pp. 181–188.
McLeod, P.B. (1984) “The Demand for Local Amenity: An Hedonic Price Analysis,” Environment and Planning A 16, pp. 389–400.
Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments (1991) Transportation Demand Impacts of Alternative Land Use Scenarios, Final Report. Washington, D.C.
Middlesex Somerset Mercer Regional Council (1991) The Impact of Various Land Use Strategies on Suburban Mobility, Final Report. Princeton, N.J.
Millas, A.J. (1980) “Planning for the Elderly within the Context of a Neighborhood,” Ekistics 283, pp. 264–273.
Mills, D.E. (1981) “Growth, Speculation, and Sprawl in a Monocentric City,” Journal of Urban Economics 10, pp. 201–226.
Morris, J.M., P.L. Dumble and M.R. Wigan (1979) “Accessibility Indicators for Transport Planning,” Transportation Research 13A, pp. 91–109.
Moss, W.G. (1977) “Large Lot Zoning, Property Taxes, and Metropolitan Area,” Journal of Urban Economics 4(4), pp. 408–427.
Neels, K. et al. (1977) “An Empirical Investigation of the Effects of Land Use on Urban Travel,” Working Paper 5049–17–1. The Urban Institute, Washington, D.C.
Nelson, A.C. (1986) “Towards a Theory of the American Rural Residential Land Market,” Journal of Rural Studies 2, pp. 309–319.
Nelson, A.C. (1990) “Economic Critique of Prime Farmland Preservation Policies in the United States,” Journal of Rural Studies 6(2), pp. 119–142.
Nelson, A.C. (1992) “Preserving Prime Farmland in the Face of Urbanization—Lessons from Oregon,” Journal of the American Planning Association 58(4), pp. 467–488.
Neuman, M. (1991) “Utopia, Dystopia, and Diaspora,” Journal of the American Planning Association 57(3), pp. 344–347.
Newman, P.W.G. and J.R. Kenworthy (1988) “The Transport Energy Trade-Off: Fuel-Efficient Traffic versus Fuel-Efficient Cities,” Transportation Research A 22A(3), pp. 163–174.
Newman, P.W.G. and J.R. Kenworthy (1989) Cities and Automobile Dependence. Gower Technical, Aldershot, Eng.
North Central Texas Council of Governments (1990) Urban Form/Transportation System Options for the Future: Dallas/Fort Worth Case Study. Arlington, Tex.
Ohls, J.C. and D. Pines (1975) “Discontinuous Urban Development and Economic Efficiency,” Land Economics 51(3), pp. 224–234.
Ottensmann, J.R. (1977) “Urban Sprawl, Land Values, and the Density of Development,” Land Economics 53(4), pp. 389–400.
Peiser, R.B. (1984) “Does It Pay to Plan Suburban Growth?” Journal of the American Planning Association 50(4), pp. 419–433.
Peiser, R.B. (1989) “Density and Urban Sprawl,” Land Economics 65(3), pp. 193–204.
Peiser, R.B. (1990) “Density and Urban Sprawl—Reply,” Land Economics 66(4), pp. 469–472.
Peterson, G.E. and H. Yampolsky (1975) Urban Development and the Protection of Metropolitan Farmland. The Urban Institute, Washington, D.C.
Pirie, G.H. (1979) “Measuring Accessibility: A Review and Proposal,” Environment and Planning A 11, pp. 299–312.
Plaut, T. (1976) “The Effects of Urbanization on the Loss of Farmland at the Rural-Urban Fringe: A National and Regional Perspective,” Regional Science Research Institute Discussion Paper Series No. 94. University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Mass.
Pollard, R. (1982) “View Amenities, Building Heights, and Housing Supply,” in D.B. Diamond and G.S. Tolley (eds.), The Economics of Urban Amenities. Academic Press, New York, N.Y., pp. 105–123.
Popenoe, D. (1977) The Suburban Environment. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, III.
Popenoe, D. (1979) “Urban Sprawl—Some Neglected Sociological Considerations,” Sociology and Social Research 63(2), pp. 255–268.
Prevedouros, P.D. (1991) “Trip Generation: Different Rates for Different Densities,” paper presented at the 71st Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C.
Priest, D. et al. (1977) Large-Scale Development: Benefits, Constraints, and State and Local Policy Incentives. Urban Land Institute, Washington, D.C., pp. 37–45.
Puget Sound Council of Governments (1990) Summary and Comparison Between Alternatives. Vision 2020, Seattle, Wash.
Pushkarev, B.S. and J.M. Zupan (1977) Public Transportation and Land Use Policy. Indiana University Press, Bloomington, Ind., pp. 24–63.
Raup, P.M. (1975) “Urban Threats to Rural Lands,” Journal of the American Institute of Planners 41(Nov.), pp. 371–378.
Real Estate Research Corporation (1974) The Costs of Sprawl, Detailed Cost Analysis. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.
Renner, M. (1988) Rethinking the Role of the Automobile. Worldwatch Institute, Washington, D.C.
Richardson, A.J. and W. Young (1982) “A Measure of Linked-Trip Accessibility,” Transportation Planning and Technology 7, pp. 73–82.
Richardson, H.W. and P. Gordon (1993) “Market Planning—Oxymoron or Common Sense?” Journal of the American Planning Association 59(3), pp. 347–349.
San Diego Association of Governments (1991a) “The Relationship Between Jobs/Housing Balance and Travel Patterns in the San Diego Region,” Regional Growth Management Strategy, Appendix 2. San Diego, Cal.
San Diego Association of Governments (1991b) “Jobs/Housing Balance and Transportation Corridor Densities,” Regional Growth Management Strategy, Appendix 3. San Diego, Cal.
Schaeffer, K.H. and E. Sclar (1975) Access for All. Penguin Books, Baltimore, Md., pp. 103–120.
Scheuernstuhl, G.J. and J. May (1979) “Analysis of Air Quality Sensitivity to Development Pattern Changes and Growth Levels,” Transportation Research Record 714, pp. 12–17.
Schneider, K.R. (1970) “The Destruction of Urban Space,” Traffic Quarterly 24, pp. 59–76.
Sinclair, R. (1967) “Von Thunen and Urban Sprawl,” Annuals of the Association of American Geographers 57, pp. 72–87.
Smith, W.S. (1986) “Interactions Between Transportation and High-Rise, High-Density Living,” Ekistics 320/321, pp. 336–344.
Spillar, R.J. and G.S. Rutherford (1990) “The Effects of Population Density and Income on Per Capita Transit Ridership in Western American Cities,” ITE 1991 Compendium of Technical Papers. Institute of Transportation Engineers, Washington, D.C.
Steiner, R.L. (1994) “Residential Density and Travel Patterns: A Review of the Literature and Methodological Approach,” paper presented at the 73rd Annual Meeting, Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C.
Stone, P.A. (1973) The Structure, Size, and Costs of Urban Settlements. Cambridge University Press, London, Eng.
U.S. Department of Transportation (1976) Urban Transportation and Land Use. Washington, D.C., pp. 55–78.
Vickerman, R.W. (1974) “Accessibility, Attraction, and Potential: A Review of Some Concepts and Their Use in Determining Mobility,” Environment and Planning A 6(6), pp. 675–691.
Voorhees, M.T. (1991) “The True Costs of the Automobile: A Basis for Comparison,” Grass Roots to Green Modes. Proceedings of the 12th International Pedestrian Conference, Boulder, Colo., pp. 231–236.
Wachs, M. and J.G. Koenig (1979) “Behavioral Modelling, Accessibility, Mobility and Travel Need,” in D.A. Hensher and P.R. Stopher (eds.), Behavioral Travel Modeling. Croom Helm, London, Eng., pp. 698–710.
Weibull, J.W. (1976) “An Axiomatic Approach to the Measurement of Accessibility,” Regional Science and Urban Economics 6, pp. 357–379.
Weicher, J.C. and R.H. Zerbst (1973) “The Externalities of Neighborhood Parks: An Empirical Investigation,” Land Economics 49, pp. 99–105.
Whyte, W.H. Jr. (1957) “Urban Sprawl” in The Exploding Metropolis. Doubleday & Company, Garden City, N.Y., pp. 115–139.