Complications of Facelifting Procedures

  • Greg S. Morganroth
  • Hayes B. Gladstone
  • Isaac M. Neuhaus


Surgical facelifting procedures remain popular despite the recent introduction of laser, light source, and radiofrequency devices as facial rejuvenation alternatives. In recent years, facelift surgery has remained one of the most popular cosmetic procedures in the United States.1 Its popularity persists because of the reproducible surgical rejuvenation with many years duration and minimal risk in experienced hands. Recent innovations with shorter scars, supra-SMAS (superficial musculoaponeurotic system) dissection, the addition of liposuction as a concomitant procedure, and less undermining provide comparable surgical outcomes to traditional techniques with less risk and downtime.2, 3, 4 While other specialties have contributed novel ideas,5 cutaneous surgeons have been innovators of a number of less aggressive lifting procedures that can be performed under local anesthesia and consequently eliminate the complications associated with general anesthesia and minimize the complications associated with deep plane or composite lifts.6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 Ongoing innovations in less aggressive techniques will allow facelifting procedures to continue to rise in popularity as patients seek facial rejuvenation with less risk, scarring, and downtime.


Parotid Gland Hypertrophic Scar Facial Rejuvenation Great Auricular Nerve Tumescent Anesthesia 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Greg S. Morganroth
    • 1
    • 2
  • Hayes B. Gladstone
    • 3
  • Isaac M. Neuhaus
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of DermatologyUniversity of California, San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck SurgeryStanford UniversityStanfordUSA
  3. 3.Division of Dermatologic Surgery, Department of Dermatology and OtolaryngologyStanford UniversityStanfordUSA
  4. 4.Department of Clinical DermatologyUniversity of California, San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA

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