Rhinosinusitis is a common disease annually affecting one in eight individuals in the United States . While the majority of rhinosinusitis cases are uncomplicated and can be managed successfully with outpatient medical therapy, in a small percentage of patients the infectious process may extend beyond the anatomic boundaries of the sinuses, thus mandating prompt initiation of more aggressive therapy.
Complications typically occur in the setting of acute or acute-on-chronic rhinosinusitis; and the incidences tend to be highest in the winter months, echoing seasonal increases in the rates of upper respiratory infections . Children and adolescent males, in particular, represent a vulnerable population that have a differentially higher incidence of rhinosinusitis-related complications, largely because of anatomic factors. Although patient outcomes have improved dramatically in the postantibiotic era, morbidity and mortality rates associated with intracranial complications remain as...
KeywordsFrontal Sinus Intracranial Complication Subdural Empyema Orbital Cellulitis Superior Ophthalmic Vein
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