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Real-Time Emergency Response Fleet Deployment: Concepts, Systems, Simulation & Case Studies

  • Ali Haghani
  • Saini Yang
Part of the Operations Research/Computer Science Interfaces Series book series (ORCS, volume 38)

Abstract

Dynamic response to emergencies requires real time information from transportation agencies, public safety agencies and hospitals as well as the many essential operational components. In emergency response operations, good vehicle dispatching strategies can result in more efficient service by reducing vehicles’ travel times and system preparation time and the coordination between these components directly influences the effectiveness of activities involved in emergency response. In this chapter, an integrated emergency response fleet deployment system is proposed which embeds an optimization approach to assist the dispatch center operators in assigning emergency vehicles to emergency calls, while having the capability to look ahead for future demands. The mathematical model deals with the real time vehicle dispatching problem while accounting for the service requirements and coverage concerns for future demand by relocating and diverting the on-route vehicles and remaining vehicles among stations. A rolling-horizon approach is adopted in the model to reduce the relocation sites in order to save computation time. A simulation program is developed to validate the model and to compare various dispatching strategies

Keywords

Emergency Vehicle Response Time Deployment Real-Time Optimization Simulation 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ali Haghani
    • 1
  • Saini Yang
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkMaryland

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