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Kapustin Yar, on the banks of the Volga, where German A-4s were first tested, also known as the “Volgograd station”. It is rarely used now.
Plesetsk, in the north near the town of Mirny, originally a missile base and then used mainly for military launchings.
Baikonour, in Kazakhstan, the best known, from which manned, lunar, inter? planetary and geosynchronous missions are launched. In recent years, new cosmodromes have been developed:
Svobodny Blagoveschensk, an old missile base in the far east, for small satellites.
Yasny/Dombarovska, in the southern Urals, another old missile base. In addition, two maritime sites were used: li
There are two main recovery zones: Arkalyk in Kazakhstan and Orenburg in southern Russia and these are also examined. The chapter concludes with an examination of other ground facilities, including Star Town, mission control and the tracking system.
KeywordsInternational Space Station European Space Agency Space Program Design Bureau Mission Control
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