Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Library book series (ASSL, volume 341)


Most of the known matter in the Universe is in an ionized state, and many naturally occuring plasmas, such as the atmosphere of the Sun and magnetic stars, the magnetospheres of the Earth and other planets, the magnetospheres of pulsars and other relativistic objects, galactic and extragalactic jets, exibit distinctively plasma-dynamical phenomena arising from the effects of magnetic and electric forces. The science of plasma astrophysics was born and developed to provide an understanding of these naturally occurring plasmas and those which will be discovered and investigated in future space observations. With this aim, from the very beginning, many of the conceptual tools and many di.erent approaches were introduced and developed in the course of general fundamental research on the plasma state or independently. How can we understand the interconnection between different descriptions of astrophysical plasma behavior?


Plasma State Relativistic Object Electric Force Conceptual Tool Astrophysical Plasma 
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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

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