Spectroscopy and Spectroscopic Imaging: In Vivo Chemical Assays by Exploiting the Chemical Shift

  • Michael L. Lipton


Spectroscopy (magnetic resonance spectroscopy; MRS) is often viewed (and marketed) as an advanced application of MRI. It is usually an add-on module that must be purchased from the manufacturer. This viewpoint is a strange one, as NMR was originally used for spectroscopy, and it was only after several “add-ons” that NMR spectrometers came to be used for imaging. Very-high-field research instruments designed for spectroscopy of homogeneous solutions held in test tubes are in fact sold with options to upgrade them for imaging of very small animals such as mice.


Gradient Magnetic Field High Field Strength Spectroscopic Image Proton Spectrum Precessional Frequency 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael L. Lipton
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Montefiore Medical CenterBronxUSA
  2. 2.The Center for Advanced Brain ImagingThe Nathan S. Kline Institute for Psychiatric ResearchOrangeburgUSA

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