Adaptive Navigation Support in Educational Hypermedia on the World Wide Web

  • Peter Brusilovsky
  • John Eklund
  • Elmar Schwarz
Part of the IFIP — The International Federation for Information Processing book series (IFIPAICT)


Adaptive navigation support is a new direction of research within the area of adaptive and user-model based interfaces. The goal of adaptive navigation support (ANS) techniques is to help users find an appropriate path in the learning and information space by adapting link presentation to the goals, knowledge, and other characteristics of an individual user. This paper briefly reviews several methods of adaptive navigation support and discusses their applicability in WWW context. We suggest some reasonably simple but effective ANS methods for Web-based systems: history-based, knowledge-based and prerequisite-based adaptive annotation. We describe of two developing Web-based educational systems, InterBook and KBNS-WEST to demonstrate the manner in which these key methods could be incorporated into a Web-based educational system and to provide a working example of ANS methodology.


adaptive hypermedia educational hypermedia navigation user model WWW 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Brusilovsky
    • 1
  • John Eklund
    • 2
  • Elmar Schwarz
    • 3
  1. 1.Human-Computer Interaction Institute, School of Computer ScienceCarnegie Mellon UniversityPittsburghUSA
  2. 2.Faculty of EducationUniversity of TechnologySydneyAustralia
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyCarnegie Mellon UniversityPittsburghUSA

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