The DEE (Data Exchange Environment) is a platform for the integration of isolated applications. It co-ordinates and controls the data exchanges between the different applications. The DEE uses an Extensible Reference Model (ERM) that gives a global and unifying view of the manipulated data. The MO-MER Model is an object oriented model, facilitating the extendibility of the ERM, because its Meta-level allows the addition and the modification of the manipulated concepts. The extendibility of the ERM is ensured by schema evolution methods that go with the MO-MER model. These methods allow the update of the ERM during its life cycle.


CIM (Computer Integrated Manufacturing) integration databases data exchanges data modelling Object Oriented Model. 


  1. Ahmed, R.; Smedt, P.D.; Du, W.; Kent, W.; Ketbachi, M.; Litwin, W. A.; Rafii, A. and Shan, M.C. (1991) The pegasus heterogeneous multidatbase system, IEEE Computer, Vol. 24, No 12, December 1991, p.17-p. 27.Google Scholar
  2. Andersson, M.; Dupont, Y.; Spaccapietra, S.; Yetongnon, K.; Tresh, M. and Ye, H. (1993), The FEMUS Approach in Building a Federated Multilingual Database System, 3rd International Workshop on Research Issues on Data Engigneering: Interoperability in Multidatabase Systems (RIDE-IMS’93), Vienna, Austria. April 19–20, 1993.Google Scholar
  3. Atrood, T; Duhl, J; Ferran, G; Loomis, M; andWade, D (1993) The Object Database Satandard: ODMG-93, Ed. R. G. G. Catell, 1993.Google Scholar
  4. BATINI, C; LENZERINI, M; NAVATHE, S.B. (1986) A Comparative Analysis of Methodologies for Database Schema Integration, ACM Computer Surveys. Vol 18, No 8, 1986.Google Scholar
  5. Benadjaoud, G.N.; David, B.T.; (1996) Data Integration: A Federated Approach with Data Exchanges, 2nd IEEE/ECLA/IFIP International Conference on Architectures and Design Methods for Balanced Automation Systems, Lisbon, Portugal, 17–19 June1996, ed. Chapman and Hall.Google Scholar
  6. Brun, J.M (1992) IPDES final report: Common Data Model, Esprit Project 2590, june 1992. C.ung, C. W.(1990), DATAPLEX: An Access to Heterogeneous Distributed Database, Communication of the ACM, Vol. 33, No. 1, January 1990.Google Scholar
  7. Clement, D.; Ganesh, M.; Hwang, S. Y.; Lim, E. P.; Mediratta, K.; Srivastava, J.; Stenoien, J. and Yang, H.R. (1994), Myriad: Design and Implementation of Federated Database Prototype, Proc of 10th IEEE Data Eng. Conf., 1994.Google Scholar
  8. Geller, J.; Perri, Y.; Neuhold, E. andSheth, A. (1992) Structural Schema Integration with Full and Partial Correspodence using the Dual Model, Information Systems Vol. 17, No. 6, pp. 443–464, November 1992.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hayne, S.; RAM, S. (1990) Multi-User View Integration System (MUVIS): An Expert System for View Integration, Proceeding of Int. Data Engineering, Los Angeles, Californie, Février 1990.Google Scholar
  10. Lim, E.; Srivastava, J.; Shekhar, S. (1994) Resolving Attribute Incompatibility in Database Integration: An Evidential Reasonning Approach, Proc. of 10th IEEE Data Eng. Conf. 1994.Google Scholar
  11. Scholz-Reiter, B. (1992), CIM Interfaces, Concepts, standards and problems of interfaces in Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, ed. Chapman and Hall 1992.Google Scholar
  12. Sheth, A.P. and Larson, J.A. (1990), Federated Database Systems for Managing Distributed, Heterogeneous, and Autonomous Databases, ACM Computing Surveys, Vol. 3, No. 22, p. September 1990.Google Scholar
  13. Spaccapietra, S; Parent, C. (1994) View integration: a step forward in solving strucutral conflits.“, in IEEE Transaction on Data and Knwledge Engineering.Google Scholar
  14. Suzuki, G.; and Yamamuro, M. (1995) Schema Integration Methodology Including Structural Conflict Resolution and Checking Conceptual Similarity -Conceptual Graphs Approach, Proccedings of 6th Int. Hong Kong Database Woorkshop, Hong Kong, March 1995.Google Scholar
  15. Wix, J. and McLelland, C. (1986), Data Exchange between Computer Systems in the Construction Industry, BSRIA 1986.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. N. Benadjaoud
    • 1
  • B. T. David
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire GRACIMP, Dépt. MISEcole Centrale de LyonEcully CedexFrance

Personalised recommendations