The GRAI-GIM reference model, architecture and methodology

  • D. Chen
  • G. Doumeingts
Part of the IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology book series (IFIPAICT)


The GRAI models [1–3] give a generic description of a manufacturing system while focusing on the details of the control part of this system. The control of a manufacturing system will be presented first from a global point of view and afterwards at the level of the decision center.


  1. [1]
    Doumeingts, G., Methode GRAI: Methode de Conception des Systemes en Productique, Thesis d’etat: Automatique: Universite de Bordeaux I, pp. 519 (November 13, 1984 ).Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    Doumeingts, G., Vallespir, B., Darracar, D. and Roboam, M., `Design Methodology for Advanced Manufacturing Systems,’ Computers in Industry, Vol. 9, No. 4, pp 271–296 (December 1987).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    Doumeingts, G., Vallespir, B., Zanettin, M., and Chen, D., `GIM — GRAI Integrated Methodology, A Methodology for Designing CIM Systems,’ Version 1.0, Unnumbered Report, LAP/GRAI, University Bordeaux 1, Bordeaux, France (May 1992).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Peter Barnes, Laszlo Nemes and Theodore J. Williams 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Chen
  • G. Doumeingts

There are no affiliations available

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