Using a Classification of Management Policies for Policy Specification and Policy Transformation

  • René Wies
Part of the IFIP — The International Federation for Information Processing book series (IFIPAICT)


Policies are derived from management goals and define the desired behavior of distributed heterogeneous systems, applications, and networks. To apply and deal with this idea, a number of concepts have been defined. Numerous policy definitions, policy hierarchies and policy models have evolved which are all very different, as they were developed from diverse points of view and without a common policy classification.

This paper presents and structures the characteristics of policies by introducing a general classification for policies and showing how this classification leads to and aids in the specification of policies. Furthermore, we outline the ideas of a policy life cycle, and that of policy transformation. Policy transformation is a refinement process with conflict resolution which converts policies to become applicable within a management system using management services, such as systems management functions, distributed services, etc.

The paper further looks at aspects to be considered when defining policy templates and concludes with a number of open issues still to be looked at in this field of management policies.

Keywords Codes

K.6.4 C.2.4 


Network and Systems Management Management Policy Policy Classification Policy Transformation Policy Hierarchy Policy Templates 


  1. [BBBD 85]
    F.L. Bauer, R. Berghammer, M. Broy, W. Dosch, F. Geiselbrechtinger, R. Gnatz, E. Hangel, W. Hesse and B. Krieg-Bruckner, The Munich Project CIP, Vol 1: The Wide Spectrum Language CIP-L., volume 183 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, 1985.Google Scholar
  2. [BEHO 93]
    Karsten Becker and David Holden, “Specifying the Dynamic Behavior of Management Systems”, In Manu Malek, editor, Journal of Network and Systems Management, volume 1, pages 281–298, Plenum Publishing Corporation, September 1993.Google Scholar
  3. [DME 92]
    Open Software Foundation, OSF Distributed Management Environment (DME) Architecture, 1992.Google Scholar
  4. [DSOM 91]
    IFIP, Proceedings of the IFIP/IEEE International Workshop on Distributed Systems: Operations & Management,October 1991.Google Scholar
  5. [DSOM 93]
    IFIP, Proceedings of the IFIP/IEEE International Workshop on Distributed Systems: Operations & Management,October 1993.Google Scholar
  6. [HABO91]
    H.-G. Hegering, S. Abeck and Th. Böhnke, “Converting Mm-Descriptions into MIB-Implementations”, In [DSOM 91].Google Scholar
  7. [IDSM 93]
    “Domain and Policy Service Specification”, IDSM Deliverable D6/SysMan Deliverable MA2V2, IDSM Project (ESPRIT III EP 6311) and SysMan Project (ESPRIT HI EP 7026), October 1993.Google Scholar
  8. [ISO 10040/2]
    Information Technology — Open Systems Interconnection — Systems Management Overview — Amendment 2: Management Domains Architecture“, PDAM 10040/2, ISO/IEC, November 1992.Google Scholar
  9. [ISO 10164-19]
    Information Technology — Open Systems Interconnection — Systems Management — Part 19: Management Domain and Management Policy Management Function“, CD 10164–19, ISO/IEC, January 1994.Google Scholar
  10. [ISO 10164-X]
    “Information Technology — Open Systems Interconnection —Systems Management —Management Functions”, IS 10164-X, ISO/IEC.Google Scholar
  11. [ISO 10165-4]
    Information Technology — Open Systems Interconnection — Structure of Management Information — Part 4: Guidelines for the Definition of Managed Objects“, IS 10165–4, ISO/IEC, August 1991.Google Scholar
  12. [ISO 10746-1]
    Basic Reference Model of Open Distributed Processing — Part 1: Overview and Guide to Use“, WD 10746–1, ISO/IEC, November 1993.Google Scholar
  13. [ISO 7498-2]
    Information Processing Systems — Open Systems Interconnection — Basic Reference Model — Part 2: Security Architecture“, IS 7498–2, ISO/IEC, 1988.Google Scholar
  14. [IWSM-I 93]
    Wesley W. Chu and Allan Finkel, editors, Proceedings of the IEEE First International Workshop On Systems Management, Los Angeles, IEEE, April 1993.Google Scholar
  15. [JAND 94]
    Mary Jander, “Management Frameworks”, Data Communications International, February 1994.Google Scholar
  16. [MACA 93]
    M. Masullo and S. Calo, “Policy Management: An Architecture and Approach”, In [IWSM-I 93].Google Scholar
  17. [MAES 93]
    Calypso Software Systems, “MaestroVision 2.0 beta 1”, Release Notes, Calypso Software Systems, Inc., 1993.Google Scholar
  18. [MARR 93]
    Randy Marchany, “Writing a Site Security Policy: RFC 1244”, In [IWSM-I 93].Google Scholar
  19. [MOFF 94]
    Jonathan D. Moffett, Specification of Management Policies and Discretionary Access Control, chapter 17, pages 455–481, In [SLOM 94], June 1994.Google Scholar
  20. [NGUY 93]
    Thang Nguyen, “Linking Business Strategies and IT Operations for Systems Management Problem Solving”, In [IWSM-I 93].Google Scholar
  21. [OMG 92a]
    “Object Management Architecture Guide”, Document 92-11-1, Object Management Group, September 1992.Google Scholar
  22. [OMG 92b]
    “Object Services Architecture”, Document 92-8-4, Object Management Group, August 1992.Google Scholar
  23. [PGMM 93]
    Adrian Pell, Chen Goh, Paul Mellor, Jean-Jacques Moreau and Simon Towers, “Data + Understanding = Management”, In [IWSM-I 93]:Google Scholar
  24. [SLOM 93]
    Morris Sloman, “Specifying Policy for Management of Distributed Systems”, In [DSOM 93].Google Scholar
  25. [SLOM 94]
    Morris Sloman, Network and Distributed Systems Management, Addison-Wesley, June 1994.Google Scholar
  26. [WARE 94]
    Willis H. Ware, “Policy Considerations for Data Networks”, Computing Systems, The USENIX Association, 7 (1): 1–44, 1994.MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  27. [WELL 94]
    Caroline Wells, “Tivoli Systems, Inc., Tivoli Management Environment (TME)”, Datapro Integrated Network Management, January 1994.Google Scholar
  28. [WIES 94]
    René Wies, “Policies in Network and Systems Management — Formal Definition and Architecture —”, In Manu Malek, editor, Journal of Network and Systems Management, volume 2, pages 63 —83, Plenum Publishing Corporation, March 1994.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • René Wies
    • 1
  1. 1.Munich Network Management TeamUniversity of Munich, Department of Computer ScienceMunichGermany

Personalised recommendations