Exposure to irritant gases usually causes pulmonary symptoms and disease from generation of reactive species. Patients with known or suspected exposure should be observed for >24–48 hours for the development of noncardiogenic pulmonary edema. Treatment in general is supportive with emphasis on improving bronchial airflow and optimizing oxygenation. Corticosteroids may be beneficial for prevention of bronchiolitis obliterans in those exposed to nitrogen dioxide.
KeywordsNitrogen Dioxide Bronchiolitis Obliterans Disaster Medicine Noncardiogenic Pulmonary Edema Chlorine Exposure
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