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The Costs and Benefits of Behavioral Flexibility to Inclusive Fitness: Dispersal as an Option in Heterogeneous Regimes

Chapter
Part of the Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects book series (DIPR)

Abstract

The current worldwide biodiversity crisis (Myers et al., 2000; Pimm and Raven, 2000) provides a natural laboratory for the study of behavioral flexibility (Tilman, 1999). Increasing temporal and spatial environmental variability and the effects of anthropogenic factors, in particular, habitat destruction, and subsequent habitat fragmentation and patchiness ( Jones, 1999a; Fukuda, 2004) are well documented for numerous primate species (Cowlishaw and Dunbar, 2000; Jones, 1983b, 1995b, 1996b, 1997c, 1999a; Harcourt et al., 2002; Clarke et al., 2002; Fukuda, 2004). This book relies heavily upon theoretical and empirical work on the causes and consequences of biodiversity from the fields of conservation biology and community ecology in an attempt to formulate and suggest tests of ideas appropriate for research at the individual level of analysis. From an evolutionary perspective, dispersal is of fundamental importance since it may counteract the effects of genetic drift by maintaining the connection between subpopulations and populations, preventing isolation.

Keywords

Home Range Inclusive Fitness Behavioral Flexibility Local Competition Female Philopatry 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fayetteville State UniversityFayetteville
  2. 2.Theoretical Primatology ProjectFayetteville
  3. 3.Community Conservation, Inc.Gays Mills

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