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Listeria monocytogenes Infections

  • Donald Armstrong
  • Donald B. Louria
Chapter

Listeria monocytogenes has been recognized as a human pathogen since the turn of the nineteenth century. Investigations of listeriosis epidemics in North America and Europe over the past 25 years have confirmed a long-held suspicion that listeriosis is a foodborne disease.(1–7) L. monocytogenes infections resulting in invasive disease occur particularly often in the immunocompromised host, specifically those in whom the T-helper cell−mononuclear phagocyte arm of the immune defense system is altered. Severe disease also occurs in the very young and in older persons as well as in patients with neoplastic disease and in recipients of organ transplants. Alcoholism, cirrhosis, and diabetes mellitus are also frequently associated risk factors, as are adrenocorticosteroid therapy for underlying disorders such as collagen vascular disease or inflammatory bowel disease and treatment of certain chronic diseases with tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF_alpha)-neutralizing agents.

Keywords

Case Fatality Rate Hospital Discharge Data Listeria Infection Multilocus Enzyme Electrophoresis Infection Control Nurse 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donald Armstrong
    • 1
  • Donald B. Louria
    • 2
  1. 1.Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer CenterNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.New Jersey Medical SchoolProfessor of Preventive Medicine and Community Health, University of Medicine and DentistryNewarkUSA

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