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Echinostomes: systematics and life cycles

  • José Guillermo Esteban*
  • Carla Muñoz-Antoli
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter provides a review of the most significant literature in the last decade on the systematics and biology of echinostomes and echinostome-like digeneans. This review is primarily concerned with members of the genus Echinostoma, although members of other genera (Echinoparyphium, Echinochasmus, Himasthla, Hypoderaeum, Petasiger, Euparyphium, Stephanoprora, Isthmiophora, and Acanthoparyphium) and echinostome-related genera (Parorchis, Philophthalmus and Ribeiroia) are also considered. The literature on molecular systematics and morphometrics of these trematodes is reviewed. Specific mention is made of the life cycle patterns of echinostome and echinostome-like digeneans along with an overview of recent advances on different topics in the biology of these trematodes; the review covers various aspects of the different stages of these organisms, i.e., free-living stages (miracidia and cercariae), and parasitic stages in the invertebrate hosts (sporocysts, rediae, and metacercariae) and vertebrate hosts (adults).

Keywords

Intermediate Host Definitive Host Free Sterol Snail Species Snail Host 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • José Guillermo Esteban*
    • 1
  • Carla Muñoz-Antoli
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de Biología Celular y ParasitologíaFacultad de Farmacia, Universidad de ValenciaBurjassot-ValenciaSpain

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