Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century

  • Boaz Ganor

Terrorism is not a new phenomenon; it has long been a method of violent action by organizations and individuals attempting to achieve political goals. Indeed, terrorism is not an end but rather a modus operandi. According to Bruce Hoffman, all terrorists share one common denominator: they “live” in the future, and are convinced that they will defeat their enemies and achieve their political goals.1


Terrorist Attack Terrorist Organization Security Force Political Goal Explosive Device 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Hoffman B. Inside terrorism. New York: Columbia University Press; 1988: p. 169Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Post J. Terrorism on trial: the context of political crime. In: Kushner HW, ed. Political terrorism — analyses of problems and prospects for the 21 st Century. Lincoln, NE: Gordian Knot Books—University of Nebraska Press; 2002. p. 46Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Crenshaw M. The logic of terrorism: terrorist behavior as a product of strategic choice. In: Reich W, ed. Origins of terrorism. Washington, DC: Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 1998; pp. 7–11, 24Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ganor B. Terrorism as a strategy of psychological warfare. In: Danieli Y, Brom D, and Sills J, eds. The trauma of terrorism. New York: Haworth Press; 2005. pp 38–40Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hinckley RH. American opinion toward terrorism: the Reagan years. Terrorism. 1989;12(6):394–395Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Schmid AP and De Graaf J, eds. Violence as Communication. London: Sage Publications; 1982. p. 172Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ganor B. The counter terrorism puzzle — A guide for decision makers. Herzliya, Israel: Interdisciplinary Center Publishing House; 2005. pp. 253–255Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sageman, M. Understanding terror networks. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press; 2004Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Laqueur W. Voices of terrorism. Canada: Reed Press; 2004. p. 410Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Chandler M, Gunaratna R. Countering terrorism — can we meet the threat of global violence? London: Reaktion Books; 2007. p. 20Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Stern J. Getting and using the weapons. In: Howard R, Sawyer R, eds. Terrorism and counterterrorism — understanding the new security environment. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2004. p. 189–191Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ganor B. The democratic dilemma in counter-terrorism: efficacy vs. democracy and individual rights. In: Ganor B, Azani A, eds. Trends in international terrorism and counter-terrorism. Herzliya, Israel: Interdisciplinary Center Publishing House; 2007. p. 9Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ganor B. Suicide attacks in Israel. In: Ganor B, ed. Countering suicide terrorism. Herzliya, Israel: Interdisciplinary Center Publishing House; 2001, p. 134Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ganor B. The feasibility of post-modern terrorism. In: Post modern terrorism, Ganor B, ed. Herzliya, Israel: Interdisciplinary Center Publishing House; 2005. pp. 19–21Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Boaz Ganor
    • 1
  1. 1.Interdisciplinary CenterICT - The International Institute for Counter-TerrorismHerzliyaIsrael

Personalised recommendations