Alongside war and inequality, the third of the great challenges facing the world at 2000 is that of extending, but also consolidating, democracy. Democratic states not only fulfil desirable political goals, and protect rights, they may also bring wealth and security. Fukuyama and others have claimed that democracy is the highest, implicitly final, stage of political development, and the one that is most compatible with other goals, notably economic growth. The fate of democracy is also of great import for any survey of international relations because of its close relation to peace. The intuition of Immanuel Kant at the end of the eighteenth century, that a peaceful international order could be founded through the co-operation of constitutional states, has now become a more proximate possibility.1
KeywordsPolitical Development Political Order Democratic State Gated Community Electoral Politics
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