A World in Transition

  • Fred Halliday


On 1 January 2000 a world of just over 6 billion people, divided into 195 different states, with up to 10,000 spoken languages, entered a new millennium. Contrary to the fears of many, there were no midnight catastrophes, no breakdowns of technology, no religious or political upheavals, no apocalyptic strikes of nature. After a century of major wars, most of the world was at peace, but not all — about two dozen wars raged and in the months preceding 1 January both major powers in the world had themselves been at war, the USA in Kosovo, the Russians in Chechnya. Whatever else divided them, the world’s 3 billion labour force was united in one common endeavour, that of seeking to find and retain a source of income.


European Union International Relation Nuclear Weapon Contemporary World Military Power 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 2.
    For a cogent alternative view, one that is sceptical of pessimism and more forthright in its belief in progress than the analysis here, see Barry Buzan and Gerald Segal, Anticipating the Future: Twenty Millennia of Human Progress (London: Simon & Schuster, 1997).Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    Eric Hobsbawm with Antonio Polito, The New Century (London: Little, Brown, 2000).Google Scholar
  3. 5.
    Paul Kennedy, The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers: Economic Change and Military Conflict from 1500 to 2000 (London: HarperCollins, 1988).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Fred Halliday 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fred Halliday

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations