AIDS in Asia pp 379-386 | Cite as

Trends in Injection Drug Use and the HIV Epidemic in Southern China

  • Rebecca J. Garten
  • Shenghan Lai
  • Wei Liu
  • Jie Chen
  • Xiao-Fang Yu


The history of drug abuse in China can be traced back several centuries. China, along with Southeast Asia, has suffered through a long epidemic of opium addiction. By the early nineteenth century, smoking opium was commonplace within the region. Besides recreational and social use, many individuals used opium for medicinal relief of illness or physical and mental stress (Suwanwela and Poshyachinda, 1986). By the 1900s, the northern mountainous regions of Laos had begun opium poppy cultivation (Poshyachinda, 1993). Opium production spread throughout Southeast Asia, creating the Golden Triangle of opium production, including parts of Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, China and India. The high availability of opium in this area likely led to an increase of drug users (McCoy et al., 2001).


Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type Drug User Injection Drug Yunnan Province Injection Drug User 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rebecca J. Garten
    • 1
  • Shenghan Lai
    • 2
  • Wei Liu
    • 3
  • Jie Chen
    • 3
  • Xiao-Fang Yu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Molecular Microbiology and ImmunologyJohns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public HealthBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.Department of EpidemiologyJohns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public HealthBaltimoreUSA
  3. 3.Guangxi Centers for Disease Control and PreventionGuangxi ProvinceChina

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