Before 1949, many epidemic diseases occurred in China due to corruption in the government, foreign invasions, and poor technologies. According to Chinese history, up to 305 years prior to the founding of the People’s Republic of China (P.R.China), a plague epidemic affecting a total of 2 6 million people caused 2.4 million deaths. Smallpox epidemics occurred every year. Between 1933 and 1944, about 380,000 people contracted smallpox. In 1820, cholera was introduced into China; since then there have been about a hundred of serious cholera epidemics in China Schistosomiasis once reached a two million square kilometer epidemic area, with 11 million people contracting the disease. There were hundreds of thousands of people who died or became disabled from measles, malaria, diphtheria, pertussis, meningococcal meningitis, and polio. Due to the lack of a basic infectious disease reporting system, statistics were very difficult to accurately obtain and monitor. Epidemics of sexually transmitted infections (STI) were rampant in both urban and rural areas; these were regarded as a social issue. In China’s five thousand years of history, no governments have had the capability to control infectious epidemics and to establish a national epidemic preventive system.
KeywordsSevere Acute Respiratory Syndrome Sexually Transmit Infection Chinese Government Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Chinese Foundation
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Altman, L.A. (2002). Modest Anti-AIDS Efforts Offer Huge Payoff Studies Say, New York Times. July 5, 2002.Google Scholar
- China HIV/AIDS Information Network. (2002). Situation of HIV/AIDS Epidemic and Its Prevention and treatment in China in 2002. Beijing, China.Google Scholar
- Chinese Association of Preventive Medicine. (1993). Review and Prospects for Chinese Health Anti-epidemic System.Google Scholar
- Chinese Association of Preventive Medicine. (2003). Review and Prospects for Chinese Health Anti-epidemic System.Google Scholar
- Jianhua, Y., Qi, X., Tao, J., and Houbao, X. (2003). Simulation of Impact of Policy and Law Environment on HV/AIDS Spreading in China. United Nations Development Program.Google Scholar
- Ministry of Public Health. (1990). A Brief Introduction on China’s Medical and Health Services. Beijing, China.Google Scholar
- Ministry of Public Health. (2002). National Situation of Morbidity and Mortality of Infectious Diseases in China. Beijing, China.Google Scholar
- Zeng, Yi. (2003). Health Education and Intervention Are Major Strategies for AIDS Control. Chinese Journal of Health Education. 11(19): 846848.Google Scholar
- Zheng, L. (2003). SARS and Response to Emergency Public Health Events. Sciences Publishing House, Beijing.Google Scholar