Taiwan is located in the middle of East Asia. Since Taiwan is a frontier island, it experienced a complicated transformation in ethnicity during the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries. Taiwan had been occupied by both the Dutch and Japanese. The main population of Taiwan now includes descendants from four ethnic groups: aborigines, Fukienese, Hakka, and mainland Chinese. The native aborigines consist of nine different tribes. The Fukienese and Hakka are early settlers who immigrated from Fukien and Guangdong provinces of China several hundred years ago. The mainland Chinese are people who came to Taiwan from the mainland after World War II. In the past few years, due to a new openness in society following the relaxation of regulations, many immigrants from mainland China and southeastern Asia have come to Taiwan through marriage arrangements. At present, Taiwan’s population is about 23 million.
KeywordsHuman Immunodeficiency Virus Type Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Sexually Transmit Infection Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Taipei City
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