Housing, Management and Welfare

  • D. S. Mills
  • A. Clarke
Part of the Animal Welfare book series (AWNS, volume 1)


Horses tend to be housed in loose boxes, stalls, barns and shelters for ease of management, however these systems present several possible threats to equine health and welfare. These systems are reviewed together with the concerns they raise. A common system for the evaluation of the welfare of contained animals focuses on the provision of five freedoms. These are freedom from hunger, thirst and malnutrition, from discomfort, from pain, injury and disease, from fear and distress and to express most normal patterns of behaviour. This approach is used to assess the ways in which horse welfare may be compromised by certain housing practices and management regimes. Recommendations as to how these problems can be resolved and to promote good practice are provided.


Respirable Dust Threshold Limit Value Welfare Problem Small Airway Disease Domestic Horse 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. S. Mills
    • 1
  • A. Clarke
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesUniversity of LincolnRiseholme, LincolnUK
  2. 2.Faculty of Veterinary ScienceUniversity of MelbourneAustralia

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