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Abstract

The imposition of the will of an individual or group via the utilization of physical force or its threat can be linked in various ways to pecuniary reward, and as a consequence violence and organized crime are natural partners. Certainly in popular culture’s numerous fictional renditions of organized criminal activity, violence is often presented as the primary activity of protagonists and is central to the public’s insatiable fascination for the version of organized crime established by Hollywood (Warshow, 1948). Yet beyond the morality tales of gunfights and shootouts, the entrepreneurial ethic that underpins and drives modern criminal economies thrives upon variety and diversification (Bauman, 1989, 1992) by generating entrepreneurial engagements clustered around irregular trading relationships (Ruggiero, 1987; Ruggiero & South, 1997). Increasingly these engagements feature innovative networks of small flexible firms staffed by criminals whose lives are prone to chaotic, incoherent interludes (Reuter, 1983), and whose everyday language is festooned with references to violence (Schlegel, 1987).

Keywords

Organize Crime Organize Crime Group Criminal Enterprise Transnational Organize Crime Legitimate Business 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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  • Dick Hobbs

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