The Institutional Dynamics of Privatization
By examining the position towards privatization maintained by the political parties sitting in Congress, Chapter 5 described what the political components of the presidential majorities were, and also showed how the president had managed to achieve the necessary number of votes to pass its bills. This conclusion is, therefore, the starting point of this chapter, which aims to explore whether, apart from the final vote of support, it was possible for Congress to affect the contents of the proposals pushed forward by the Executive. Chapter 5 also suggested the existence of a negotiation process, and so the likelihood that compromises had taken place regarding policy contents. This chapter will show that the extent of congressional participation varied over the years and according to the topics under discussion. In effect, two different stages of congressional behaviour can be identified during Menem’s first period in office. A first phase took place at the beginning of the period, and represented the greatest imbalance of power between the Presidency and Congress. A second phase, which is the main object of analysis in this chapter, extended throughout the rest of the presidential period, and was characterized by the improvement of the congressional capacities to intervene in the processes of law-making.
KeywordsPension System Plenary Session Legislative Process Lower House Privatization Process
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