Eastern Europe 600–1100ad

  • Antony Alcock


At the time of the fall of the Western empire its Eastern counterpart seemed so strong — strategically more difficult to attack, wealthier and with a higher morale. There were far fewer internal disputes over the leadership; church and state enjoyed good relations as opposed to their mutual hostility in the West; there was a considerable free peasantry in contrast to the serfs on the big landed estates in the West. But it was not long before the political and economic patterns of the West repeated themselves in the East.


Eleventh Century Seventh Century Uncultivated Land Danubian Basin Mutual Hostility 
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  1. 1.
    Browning, R., The Byzantine Empire (London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1980) pp. 46–7 and 63–64.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Vernadsky, G., A History of Russia (hereinafter History) (New Haven: Yale, 5th ed. 1961) pp. 24–8. Browning, op.cit., p. 51Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    Baynes, N.H., The Byzantine Empire (London: Oxford University Press, 1962) p. 130; Browning, Ibid, pp. 49–50 and and 63–5.Google Scholar
  4. 5.
    Hosch, E., The Balkans (London: Faber, 1972) p. 59.Google Scholar
  5. 12.
    Ibid., pp. 44–6; Vernadsky, G., A History of Russia, vol. 3, The Mongols (New Haven: Yale, 1948) pp. 372–3;Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antony Alcock
    • 1
  1. 1.University of UlsterColeraineNorthern Ireland

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