The idea of an ethical criterion that has absolute validity over agents, their circumstances and their particular characteristics makes a very strong normative commitment. This is particularly worrying if we recall that, for Kant, the ethical criterion is supposed to be constitutive of practical reason, which has normative priority over theoretical reason.1 Another claim which seems to imply a strong metaphysical commitment is that concerning the cosmopolitan end of history and the moral progress of human beings.
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- 6.Bruno Bauer, “The Jewish Question”, 66 (quoted in Marx 1979: 89).Google Scholar