City on the Euphrates. Babylon was the capital of a province of the Assyrian empire. Allusions to it as the principal seat of *Nebuchadnezzar and as a city captured by *Cyrus the Great occur in MkT (VII.2149/B2.3339) and SumT (III.2082) respectively. It serves as the setting for Thisbe (LGW 706ff.) and is mentioned in BD (1061) as a city of fabulous wealth.
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