Berlin: Opportunities, Constraints and Strategies of the Urban Poor



Urban neighbourhoods can provide restrictions as well as resources for life chances in general. A neighbourhood can be a source of ‘exclusion’, but also a source of ‘inclusion’ or ‘integration’. How a neighbourhood works, and in which direction, depends on social, economic and physical characteristics — but also on the life strategy of the private households. There is a complex relation between households and their environment. In this chapter we will try to explore this relationship for different types of households affected by unemployment, in two different neighbourhoods in Berlin. Neighbourhood opportunities can add to the stabilization of life conditions, and so can promote social and economic integration. In this case study we will examine the following questions: Does spatial concentration of poverty affect the coping strategies of people in poverty? Under which circumstances does poverty lead to social exclusion?


Labour Market Social Exclusion Single Mother Unemployment Benefit Housing Stock 
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© Andreas Kapphan & Hartmut Häussermann 2006

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