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Fidelity Variants and RNA Quasispecies

  • Antonio V. Bordería
  • Kathryn Rozen-Gagnon
  • Marco VignuzziEmail author
Part of the Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology book series (CT MICROBIOLOGY, volume 392)

Abstract

By now, it is well established that the error rate of the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) that replicates RNA virus genomes is a primary driver of the mutation frequencies observed in RNA virus populations—the basis for the RNA quasispecies. Over the last 10 years, a considerable amount of work has uncovered the molecular determinants of replication fidelity in this enzyme. The isolation of high- and low-fidelity variants for several RNA viruses, in an expanding number of viral families, provides evidence that nature has optimized the fidelity to facilitate genetic diversity and adaptation, while maintaining genetic integrity and infectivity. This chapter will provide an overview of what fidelity variants tell us about RNA virus biology and how they may be used in antiviral approaches.

Keywords

West Nile Virus Mutation Frequency Coxsackie Virus Chikungunya Virus Phosphoryl Transfer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antonio V. Bordería
    • 1
  • Kathryn Rozen-Gagnon
    • 1
  • Marco Vignuzzi
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Institut PasteurParis cedex 15France

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