A History and Overview of the Behavioral Neuroscience of Learning and Memory

  • Robert E. Clark
Part of the Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences book series (CTBN, volume 37)


Here, I provide a basic history of important milestones in the development of theories for how the brain accomplishes the phenomenon of learning and memory. Included are the ideas of Plato, René Descartes, Théodule Ribot, William James, Ivan Pavlov, John Watson, Karl Lashley, and others. The modern era of learning and memory research begins with the description of H.M. by Brenda Milner and the gradual discovery that the brain contains multiple learning and memory systems that are supported by anatomically discrete brain structures. Finally, a brief overview is provided for the chapters that are included in current topics in Behavioral NeuroscienceLearning and Memory.


Plato Descartes Ribot William James Ivan Pavlov John Watson Karl Lashley H.M Brenda Milner 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare SystemSan DiegoUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of CaliforniaSan DiegoUSA

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