Applications of Second Generation Sequencing Technologies in Complex Disorders
Second generation sequencing (2ndGS) technologies generate unprecedented amounts of sequence data very rapidly and at relatively limited costs, allowing the sequence of a human genome to be completed in a few weeks. The principle is on the basis of generating millions of relatively short reads from amplified single DNA fragments using iterative cycles of nucleotide extensions. However, the data generated on this scale present new challenges in interpretation, data analysis and data management. 2ndGS technologies are becoming widespread and are profoundly impacting biomedical research. Common applications include whole-genome sequencing, target resequencing, characterization of structural and copy number variation, profiling epigenetic modifications, transcriptome sequencing and identification of infectious agents. New methodologies and instruments that will enable to sequence the complete human genome in less than a day at a cost of less than $1,000 are currently in development.
KeywordsSequencing technologies Bioinformatics Personalized genomics
- Robison K (2010) Application of second-generation sequencing to cancer genomics. Brief Bioinform 11:524–534 (Epub ahead of print)Google Scholar