Gourds: Bitter, Bottle, Wax, Snake, Sponge and Ridge

  • Narinder P. S. DhillonEmail author
  • Supannika Sanguansil
  • Sheo Pujan Singh
  • Mohammed Abu Taher Masud
  • Prashant Kumar
  • Latchumi Kanthan Bharathi
  • Halit Yetişir
  • Rukui Huang
  • Doan Xuan Canh
  • James D. McCreight
Part of the Plant Genetics and Genomics: Crops and Models book series (PGG, volume 20)


Bitter gourd, bottle gourd, wax gourd, snake gourd, sponge gourd, and ridge gourd are cultivated and marketed by smallholder farmers, and are important crops in home gardens throughout southern and southeastern Asia. These vegetables provide significant dietary nutrients such as vitamin A and C, iron and calcium. Public sector breeders and germplasm curators release open-pollinated varieties of these cucurbits developed through selection from landraces. Private sector breeders develop F1 hybrid cultivars of these gourds that are popular with growers because of their uniformity, early and total marketable yield, and, in some cases, disease resistance. This chapter reviews the status of germplasm resources for sustained genetic improvement of these cucurbit species. Susceptibility to viruses is currently the major production constraint for these gourds, and systematic evaluation of their germplasm against viruses will be helpful for breeding improved cucurbit lines. The germplasm resources of these gourd species are held in an array of genebanks in several countries and may not be readily available for scientific research or to commercial breeders outside of their respective country. Many accessions of these gourd species listed by the World Vegetable Center and the U.S. Germplasm Resources Information Network are either not available or inactive. More accessions of these gourd species and their relatives need, therefore, to be collected from various regions of the tropics, conserved, and evaluated to ensure continuous genetic gains in breeding programs.


Momordica charantia Lagenaria siceraria Benincasa hispida Luffa spp. Trichosanthes spp. Genetic resources Disease resistance Grafting Plant breeding 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Narinder P. S. Dhillon
    • 1
    Email author
  • Supannika Sanguansil
    • 1
  • Sheo Pujan Singh
    • 2
  • Mohammed Abu Taher Masud
    • 3
  • Prashant Kumar
    • 4
  • Latchumi Kanthan Bharathi
    • 5
  • Halit Yetişir
    • 6
  • Rukui Huang
    • 7
  • Doan Xuan Canh
    • 8
  • James D. McCreight
    • 9
  1. 1.World Vegetable Center East and Southeast Asia/OceaniaKasetsart UniversityNakhon PathomThailand
  2. 2.Department of Vegetable ScienceNarendra Dev University of Agriculture and TechnologyFaizabadIndia
  3. 3.Vegetable Division, Horticulture Research Center, Bangladesh Agricultural Research InstituteGazipurBangladesh
  4. 4.Rasi Seeds (P) LtdBangaloreIndia
  5. 5.Central Horticultural Experiment Station, Regional Station of Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, I.C.A.R.BhubaneswarIndia
  6. 6.Department of HorticultureErciyes UniversityMelikgazi-KayseriTurkey
  7. 7.Vegetable Research Institute, Guangxi Academy of Agricultural SciencesNanningChina
  8. 8.Horticulture Division, Field Crops Research InstituteGiaLocVietnam
  9. 9.U.S. Department of AgricultureAgricultural Research Service, U.S. Agricultural Research StationSalinasUSA

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