Genetic Resources of Cucumber

Chapter
Part of the Plant Genetics and Genomics: Crops and Models book series (PGG, volume 20)

Abstract

The Cucurbitaceae is a monophyletic family without any close relatives. It includes important vegetables such as cucumber, melon, watermelon, squash, pumpkin, and gourd. Within Cucurbitaceae, the genus Cucumis includes cultivated species C. sativus (cucumber) and C. melo (melon), as well as wild species including C. hystrix, C. callosus, and C. sativus L. var. hardwickii. More than 50 species have been identified in Cucumis with high levels of phenotypic and genetic diversity found in centers of diversity in Africa, Asia, and India. Primary and secondary centers of diversity can serve as useful sources of variation, and have been widely used to incorporate traits such as disease resistance into cultivated materials. During domestication, cucumber and melon underwent severe bottlenecks, which resulted in low genetic variation despite high phenotypic diversity. Since its domestication, approximately 3000 years ago, cucumber has undergone significant morphological changes from its small-fruited, black spined, seedy progenitor. More than 150 single gene traits have been described in C. sativus, including powdery mildew and virus resistance, sex expression, leaf morphology, and parthenocarpy, and molecular markers continue to be rapidly developed.

Keywords

Cucumber Cucumis sativus Gene Germplasm resources Plant breeding 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.USDA, Agricultural Research ServiceAgricultural Sciences CenterParlierUSA
  2. 2.Department of Horticultural ScienceNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA

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