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Flora and Vegetation of the Small Rivers of the Pregolya River System in the Kaliningrad Region

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Terrestrial and Inland Water Environment of the Kaliningrad Region

Part of the book series: The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry ((HEC,volume 65))

Abstract

The study presents the results of floristic surveys of small rivers belonging to the Pregolya River system in the Kaliningrad Region, carried out in 2014–2015. The vegetation of the examined rivers is represented by plant communities, being widespread in the region. P. australis, S. fragilis, S. alba, A. glutinosa, S. sagittifolia, S. sylvaticus, P. arundinacea appear to be dominating species in the riparian area. C. acuta, R. amphibia, S. erectum, B. umbellatus have high frequency of occurrence. Water vegetation is mainly represented by the communities with the dominance of P. pectinatus, P. nodosus, S. emersus, N. lutea, M. spicatum. For the first time for the region, the data on the growth of the rare sensitive algae species (H. rivularis, A. chalybaea) and the findings of C. elegans, D. glomerata, V. frigida, V. bursata, V. canaulicularis, whose status is unclear due to insufficient study of macroalgae in the region, are published. In the Krasnaya River, there was found B. trichophyllum, listed in the Red Book of the Kaliningrad Region as a requiring attention species. There was found a new regional habitat of E. telmateia – an endangered species listed in the Red Book of the Kaliningrad Region. Published scientific data for these rivers have not been available so far.

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Acknowledgements

We would like to express our gratitude to Ezhova E. E. (Laboratory of Marine Ecology of the AB of the IORAS) for her valuable comments on the manuscript of this paper.

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Appendix

Appendix

Checklist of flora of the small rivers of Pregolya River systems of Kaliningrad Region (Angrapa, Instruch, Krasnaya, Pissa, Deima, Lava)

No

 

Angrapa

Instruch

Krasnaya

Pissa

Golubaya

Deima

Svoboda

Perelesnaya

Gudishka

Lava

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

Divisio Rhodophyta

1

Hildenbrandia rivularis (Liebmann) J. Agardh

+

 

+

+

 

2

Audouinella chalybaea (Roth) Bory de Saint-Vincent

+

 

3

Batrachospermum gelatinosum (L.) DC

+

Divisio Chlorophyta

4

Ulothrix zonata (F. Weber & Mohr) Kützing

 

+

 

5

Cladophora rivularis (Linnaeus) C. Hoek

 

+

 

+

 

+

+

 

+

6

Rhizoclonium riparium (Dillwyn) Kützing

 

+

+

 

7

Oedogonium sp.

+

+

 

+

+

 

+

8

Chaetophora elegans (Roth) C. Agardh

 

+

 

9

Draparnaldia glomerata (Vaucher) C. Agardh

 

+

 

Divisio Charophyta

10

Chara inconnexa Allen

 

+

 

11

Spirogyra sp.

 

+

 

+

 

+

 

12

Mougeotia sp.

+

+

 

Divisio Ochrophyta

13

Vaucheria terrestris (Vaucher) de Candolle

+

 

+

+

 

14

Vaucheria bursata (O. F. Müller) C. Agardh. (V. sessilis (Vaucher) de Candolle)

 

+

+

 

15

Vaucheria canalicularis (L.) T. A. Christinsen

 

+

 

+

 

16.

V. frigida (Roth) C. Agardh

 

+

 

Divisio Bryophyta

Class marchantiopsida

1

Conocephalum conicum (L.) Dumort

 

+

+

 

2

Marchantia polymorpha L.

+

 

3

Pellia epiphylla (L.) Corda

+

+

Class Bryopsida

4

Fontinalis antipyretica Hedw.

+

 

+

+

 

5

Calliergon cordifolium (Hedw.) Kindb.

 

+

+

 

+

 

6

Plagiomnium undulatum (Hedw) T. Kop.

+

+

 

Divisio Equisetophyt, Class Equisetopsida, Ordo Equisetales

Fam. Equisetaceae rich. Ex DС

1

Equisetum arvense L.

 

+

 

2

E. fluviatile L.

+

 

+

 

3

E. sylvaticum L.

 

+

 

4

E. telmateia Ehrh.

+

 

Divisio Angiospermae (= Magnoliophyta)

Class Monocotyledoneae (= Liliopsida)

Fam. Alismataceae vent.

1

Alisma plantago-aquatica L.

 

+

 

+

 

+

 

2

Sagittaria sagittifolia L.

+

+

 

+

 

+

 

+

Fam. Alliaceae

3

Allium ursinum L.

 

+

 

Fam. Araceae Juss.

4

Acorus calamus L.

+

+

 

Fam. Butomaceae rich

5

Butomus umbellatus L.

+

+

 

+

 

+

Fam. Cyperaceae Juss.

6

Carex acuta L.

+

+

 

+

+

+

+

+

 

7

C. nigra (L.) Reichard

 

+

 

+

 

8

Scirpus lacustris L.

+

+

 

+

 

+

9

S. sylvaticus L.

+

 

+

 

Fam. Hydrocharitaceae Juss.

10

Elodea canadensis Michx.

 

+

 

+

 

+

 

11

Hydrocharis morsus-ranae L.

+

+

 

+

 

+

12

Stratiotes aloides L.

 

+

 

Fam. Iridaceae Juss.

13

Iris pseudacorus L.

+

+

 

+

 

+

+

Fam. Lemnaceae S. F. Gray

14

Lemna minor L.

+

+

+

 

+

+

+

+

+

+

15

L. trisulca L.

+

+

+

 

+

 

+

 

16

L. gibba L.

 

+

 

17

Spirodela polyrhiza (L.) Schleid.

+

+

 

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

Fam. Poaceae Barnhart (Gramineae Juss.)

18

Arrhenatherum elatius (L.) J. Presl. & C. Presl.

+

+

 

+

19

Bromus inermis (Leiss.) Holub

 

+

20

Calamagrostis epigejos (L.) Roth

+

 

+

+

21

Daсtylis glomerata L.

 

+

 

+

 

+

22

Deschampsia cespitosa (L.) Beauv.

 

+

 

23

G. maxima (C. Hartm.) Halmb.

+

 

+

 

+

+

24

Holcus lanatus L.

 

+

25

Phalaroides arundinacea (L.) Rauschert

+

 

+

+

+

+

 

+

+

26

Phleum pratense L.

+

 

+

27

Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. Ex Stend.

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

28

P. Pratensis L.

+

 

+

Fam. Potamogetonaceae Dumort

29

Potamogeton nodosus Poir

+

 

+

 

+

30

P. pectinatus L.

+

+

 

+

 

+

 

+

31

P. perfoliatus L.

 

+

 

+

 

32

P. lucens L.

+

 

+

 

+

 

+

Fam. Sparganiaceae Rudolphi

33

Sparganium emersum Reh

+

+

+

+

 

+

+

 

+

34

S. erectum L.

+

+

 

+

 

+

 

+

+

Fam. Trilliaceae

35

Paris quadrifolia L.

 

+

 

Fam. Typhaceae Juss.

36

Typha latifolia L.

+

+

 

+

 

+

+

37

T. angustifolia L.

 

+

V. II. Class Dicotyledoneae (Magnoliopsida)

Сем. Aceraeae Juss.

1

Acer platanoides L.

+

 

+

 

2

A. negundo L.

+

 

Fam. Adoxaceae

3

Adoxa moschatellina L.

 

+

 

Fam. Apiaceae Lindl.

4

Aegopodium podagraria L.

+

+

+

+

 

5

Angelica archangelica L.

 

+

 

6

Anthriscus sylvestris (L.) Hoffm.

+

+

+

 

+

7

Chaerophyllum aromaticum L.

+

 

+

 

8

Sium latifolium L.

 

+

 

+

 

+

9

Pimpinella saxifraga L.

 

+

 

Fam. Araliaceae

10

Hedera helix L.

 

+

 

Fam. Aristolochiaceae

11

Asarum europeum L.

 

+

+

 

Fam. Asteraceae Dumort.

12

Achillea millefolium L.

+

+

 

+

13

Arctium tomentosum Mill.

 

+

 

14

Artemisia absinthium L.

+

15

A. vulgaris L.

+

+

 

+

 

+

16

Bidens tripartita L.

+

 

+

 

17

Cichorium intybus L.

  

+

18

Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop.

+

+

  

+

+

+

 

+

+

19

Cirsium oleraceum (L.) Scop.

 

+

+

 

+

 

20

Hieraciums p.

 

+

21

Petasites spurius (Retz.) Rchb.

 

+

 

22

Senecio paludosus L.

 

+

 

23

Solidago serotinoides A. Et D. Löve.

 

+

 

+

 

+

 

+

24

Sonchus palustris L.

+

 

+

 

+

25

Tanacetum vulgare L.

 

+

 

+

 

26

Taraxacum officinale Wigg. s.l.

+

+

+

+

 

+

Fam. Balsaminaceae A. Rich.

27

Impatiens noli-tangere L.

 

+

+

 

Fam. Betulaceae S. F. Gray.

28

Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn.

+

+

+

+

 

+

 

+

+

 

29

B. pubescens Ehrh.

 

+

 

30

Carpinus betulus L.

+

 

+

+

 

+

 

31

Corylus avellana L.

+

 

+

+

 

Fam. Boraginaceae Juss.

33

Myosotis palustris (L.) L.

+

+

+

+

 

+

+

+

 

33

Pulmonaria obscura dumort.

 

+

+

+

 

34

Symphytum officinale L.

+

 

+

+

 

+

+

+

 

Fam. Brassicaceae Burnett (Cruciferae Juss.)

35

Alliaria petiolata (Bieb.) Cavara et Crande

+

 

+

+

 

36

Erysimum cheiranthoides L.

+

 

37

Rorippa Amphibia (L.) Besser

+

+

 

+

+

+

 

+

38

Rorippa palustris (L.) Besser

 

+

+

 

39

Cardamine amara L.

+

 

+

 

40

Cardamine pratensis L.

 

+

 

+

 

+

Fam. Campanulaceae

41

Campanula latifolia L.

 

+

 

42

Phyteuma spicatum L.

+

+

 

Fam. Cannabaceae Endl.

43

Humulus lupulus L.

+

 

+

+

 

Fam. Caryophyllaceae Juss.

44

Moehringia trinervia (L.) Clairv.

 

+

 

45

Silene dioica (L.) Clairv.

+

 

46

S. holostea L.

+

 

+

+

 

+

 

47

S. nemorum L.

+

+

+

 

Fam. Celastraceae

48

Euonymus europeus L.

+

 

+

 

Fam. Ceratophyllaceae S. F. Gray

49

Ceratophyllum demersum L.

 

+

 

+

 

Fam. Chenopodiaceae vent.

50

Chenopodium album L.

 

+

 

Fam. Convolvulaceae Juss.

51

Calystegia sepium (L.) R. Br.

+

 

+

 

+

 

Fam. Cucurbitaceae Juss.

52

Echinocystis lobata (Michx.) Torr. Et gray

+

+

 

+

+

 

+

 

+

Fam. Cuscutaceae

53

Cuscuta europea L.

 

+

 

Fam. Euphorbiaceae Juss.

54

Mercurialis perennis L.

 

+

+

 

Fam. Fabaceae Lindl.

55

Astragalus glycyphyllos L.

 

+

+

 

56

Vicia sepium L.

 

+

 

Fam. Fagaceae A. Br.

57

Quercus robur L.

+

 

+

 

Fam. Fumariaceae

58

Corydalis solida L.

 

+

 

Fam. Geraniaceae Juss.

59

Geranium pratense L.

 

+

+

 

Fam. Grossulariaceae DC.

60

Ribes nigrum L.

 

+

 

Fam. Haloragaceae R. Br.

61

Myriophyllum spicatum L.

+

+

 

+

 

+

 

+

Fam. Hypericaceae Juss.

62

Hypericum perforatum L.

 

+

Fam. Labiatae Juss. (= Lamiaceae Lindl.)

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

63

Galeobdolon luteum huds.

+

 

+

+

+

 

+

 

64

Glechoma hederacea L.

+

+

+

  

65

Lamium album L.

+

 

+

 

+

66

L. purpureum L.

+

 

+

+

 

67

Lycopus europaeus L.

 

+

 

68

Mentha aquatica

+

 

+

 

69

Scutellaria galericulata L.

 

+

 

70

Stachys palustrisl.

+

 

+

 

+

 

Fam. Lythraceae J. St. Hil.

71

Lythrum salicaria L.

+

+

 

+

 

+

+

+

Fam. Nymphaeaceae Salisb.

72

Nuphar lutea (L.) Smith.

+

+

 

+

 

+

 

+

73

Nymphaea candida J. Presl.

+

+

 

+

 

Fam. Oleaceae Lindl.

74

Fraxinus excelsior L.

+

 

+

+

+

 

+

 

+

Fam. Onagraceae Juss.

75

Epilobium hirsutum L

 

+

 

+

 

+

+

 

E. palustre L.

 

+

 

+

 

Fam. Orobanchaceae

76

Lathraea squamata L.

 

+

 

Fam. Oxalidaceae

77

Oxalis acetosella L.

 

+

+

 

Fam. Papaveraceae Juss.

78

Chelidonium majus L.

 

+

+

 

Fam. Plantaginaceae Juss.

79

Plantago major L.

+

 

Fam. Polygonaceae Juss.

80

Persicaria amphibia (L.) S. F. Gray

 

+

81

P. mitis (Scranc) Opiz et Assenov

 

+

 

+

82

P. scabra (Moench) Mold.

 

+

83

Rumex obtusifolius L.

+

 

+

 

+

Fam. Primulaceae vent.

84

Lysimachia nummularia L.

 

+

+

+

 

+

+

 

85

L. vulgaris L.

 

+

 

+

 

Fam. Ranunculaceae Juss.

86

Actaea spicata L.

 

+

 

87

Anemonoides nemorosa (L.) Holub

+

88

Anemonoides ranunculoides (L.) Holub

 

+

 

89

Batrachium trichophyllum (Chaix) Bosch.

+

90

Caltha palustris L.

+

 

+

 

91

Ficaria verna huds.

+

 

+

+

 

+

+

 

92

Hepatica nobilis

 

+

+

 

93

Ranunculus auricomus agg. L.

 

+

94

Ranunculus lanuginosus L.

+

 

+

+

 

95

R. repens L.

+

 

+

 

+

 

96

R. sceleratus L.

+

 

97

Thalictrum flavum L.

 

+

+

 

+

 

Fam. Rosaceae Juss.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

98

Alchemilla sp.

 

+

 

99

Crataegus monogyna Jacq.

 

+

 

100

Filipendula ulmaria (L.) Maxim.

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

101

Fragaria vesca L.

 

+

+

 

102

Geum rivulare L.

+

 

+

 

+

 

103

Malus domestica borckh.

 

+

 

104

Padus racemosa (Lam.) Gilib.

+

 

+

+

+

 

+

 

105

Potentilla anserina L.

 

+

 

106

P. reptans L.

+

107

Rubus caesius L.

+

+

 

+

 

+

 

+

108

R. idaeus L.

+

 

109

Sorbus aucuparia L.

 

+

 

Fam. Rubiaceae Juss.

110

Galium aparine L.

 

+

+

  

+

 

111

G. palustre L.

 

+

 

+

+

+

+

Fam. Salicaceae Mirb.

112

Populus tremula L.

 

+

 

113

Salix alba L.

+

+

+

 

+

 

+

+

 

+

114

S. caprea L.

 

+

+

 

115

S. fragilis L.

+

+

 

+

+

 

+

+

116

S. purpurea L.

 

+

 

117

S. viminalis L.

+

 

+

 

+

+

Fam. Sambucaceae Batschex Borkh.

118

Sambucus nigra L.

 

+

+

 

+

+

 

+

119

S. racemosa L .

+

+

 

Fam. Saxifragaceae Juss.

120

Chrysosplenium alternifolium L.

 

+

 

+

 

Fam. Scrophulariaceae Juss.

121

Melampyrum nemorosum L.

 

+

 

122

Scrophularia nodosa L.

+

 

+

+

 

123

V. beccabunga L.

+

+

+

+

 

124

V. chamaedrys L.

 

+

Fam. Solanaceaе Juss.

125

Solanum dulcamara L.

 

+

 

Fam. Tiliaceae Juss.

126

Tilia cordata Mill.

+

 

+

+

 

+

 

Fam. Thymelaeaceae

127

Daphne mezereum L.

 

+

 

Fam. Ulmaceae

128

Ulmus laevis pall.

+

 

+

+

 

Fam. Urticaceae Juss.

129

Urtica dioica L.

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

 

+

Fam. Valerianaceae Batsch

130

Valeriana officinalis L.

+

+

+

 

Fam. Violaceae Batsch.

131

Viola odorata L.

 

+

 

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Volodina, A.A., Gerb, M.A. (2017). Flora and Vegetation of the Small Rivers of the Pregolya River System in the Kaliningrad Region. In: Gritsenko, V.A., Sivkov, V.V., Yurov, A.V., Kostianoy, A.G. (eds) Terrestrial and Inland Water Environment of the Kaliningrad Region. The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry, vol 65. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/698_2017_95

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